Framework/Core/SVT/Services/AppService.ps1

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#using namespace Microsoft.Azure.Commands.AppService.Models
Set-StrictMode -Version Latest
class AppService: SVTBase
{
    hidden [PSObject] $ResourceObject;
    hidden [PSObject] $WebAppDetails;
    hidden [PSObject] $AuthenticationSettings;
    hidden [bool] $IsReaderRole;

    AppService([string] $subscriptionId, [string] $resourceGroupName, [string] $resourceName):
        Base($subscriptionId, $resourceGroupName, $resourceName)
    {
        $this.GetResourceObject();
    }

    AppService([string] $subscriptionId, [SVTResource] $svtResource):
        Base($subscriptionId, $svtResource)
    {
        $this.GetResourceObject();
    }

    hidden [PSObject] GetResourceObject()
    {
        if (-not $this.ResourceObject)
        {
            # Get App Service details
            $this.ResourceObject = Get-AzureRmResource -Name $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName  `
                                        -ResourceType $this.ResourceContext.ResourceType `
                                        -ResourceGroupName $this.ResourceContext.ResourceGroupName

            if(-not $this.ResourceObject)
            {
                throw ([SuppressedException]::new(("Resource '$($this.ResourceContext.ResourceName)' not found under Resource Group '$($this.ResourceContext.ResourceGroupName)'"), [SuppressedExceptionType]::InvalidOperation))
            }

            # Get web sites details
            $this.WebAppDetails = Get-AzureRmWebApp -Name $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName `
                                    -ResourceGroupName $this.ResourceContext.ResourceGroupName

            try
            { 
                $this.AuthenticationSettings = Invoke-AzureRmResourceAction -ResourceType "Microsoft.Web/sites/config/authsettings" `
                                                                                    -ResourceGroupName $this.ResourceContext.ResourceGroupName `
                                                                                    -ResourceName $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName `
                                                                                    -Action list `
                                                                                    -ApiVersion $this.ControlSettings.AppService.AADAuthAPIVersion `
                                                                                    -Force `
                                                                                    -ErrorAction Stop
                $this.IsReaderRole = $false;
            }
            catch
            {
                if(($_.Exception | Get-Member -Name "HttpStatus" ) -and $_.Exception.HttpStatus -eq "Forbidden")
                {
                    $this.IsReaderRole = $true;
                }    
            }
        }

        return $this.ResourceObject;
    }
    
    [ControlItem[]] ApplyServiceFilters([ControlItem[]] $controls)
    {
        $serviceFilterTag = "AppService";
        if([Helpers]::CheckMember($this.ResourceObject, "Kind"))
        {
            if($this.ResourceObject.Kind -eq "functionapp")
            {
                $serviceFilterTag = "FunctionApp";
            }
        }
        
        $result = @();
        $result += $controls | Where-Object { $_.Tags -contains $serviceFilterTag };
        return $result;
    }

    hidden [ControlResult] CheckAppServiceCustomDomainWithSSLConfig([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
        # Get custom domain URLs
        $customHostNames = $this.ResourceObject.Properties.HostNames |
                                Where-Object {
                                     -not $_.EndsWith(".azurewebsites.net")
                                };

        # Combine custom domain name and SSL configuration TCP

        if(($customHostNames | Measure-Object).Count -gt 0)
        {
            $controlResult.AddMessage([MessageData]::new("Custom domains are configured for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName), $customHostNames);

            $SSLStateNotEnabled = $this.ResourceObject.Properties.hostNameSslStates | Where-Object { (($customHostNames | Measure-Object) -contains $_.name) -and  ($_.sslState -eq 'Disabled')} | Select-Object -Property Name
            if($null -eq $SSLStateNotEnabled)
            {
                $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                                            [MessageData]::new("SSL configuration for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is enabled for all custom domains", $this.ResourceObject.Properties.hostNameSslStates));
            }
            else
            {
                $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Failed,
                                            [MessageData]::new("SSL configuration for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is not enabled for all custom domains", $this.ResourceObject.Properties.hostNameSslStates));
            }
        }
        else
        {
            $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Failed,
                                    [MessageData]::new("Custom domains are not configured for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName, $this.ResourceObject.Properties.HostNames));
        }

        return $controlResult;
    }

    hidden [ControlResult] CheckAppServiceADAuthentication([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
        if($this.IsReaderRole)
        {
            #Setting this property ensures that this control result wont be considered for the central telemetry. As control doesnt have the required permissions
            $controlResult.CurrentSessionContext.Permissions.HasRequiredAccess = $false;
            $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Manual,
                                    [MessageData]::new("Control can not be validated due to insufficient access permission on resource"));
        }
        else
        {
            #Checks if functions app present
            if([Helpers]::CheckMember($this.ResourceObject, "Kind") -and ($this.ResourceObject.Kind -eq "functionapp"))
            {
                $resourceAppIdURI =[WebRequestHelper]::ClassicManagementUri;
                $accessToken = [Helpers]::GetAccessToken($ResourceAppIdURI)
                $authorisationToken = "Bearer " + $accessToken
                $headers = @{"Authorization"=$authorisationToken;"Content-Type"="application/json"}
                $apiFunctionsUrl = [string]::Format("https://{0}.scm.azurewebsites.net/api/functions",$this.ResourceContext.ResourceName)
                $functionDetail = [WebRequestHelper]::InvokeGetWebRequest($apiFunctionsUrl, $headers)
        
            #check if functions are present in FunctionApp
            if([Helpers]::CheckMember($functionDetail,"config"))
            {
            $bindingsDetail =$functionDetail.config.bindings
               $ishttpTriggerFunction=$false
            if(($bindingsDetail| Measure-Object).Count -gt 0)
            {
             $bindingsDetail |     ForEach-Object{
                if($_.type -eq "httpTrigger" )
                     {
                        $ishttpTriggerFunction=$true
                    }
                }
                #if HTTP trigger function is not present, then AAD authentication is not required
                if(!$ishttpTriggerFunction)
                {

                $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                        [MessageData]::new("AAD Authentication for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is not required."));
                return $controlResult;
                
                }
            
            }
    
            }
            #if no function is present in Functions App, then AAD authentication is not required
            else
            {
            $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                        [MessageData]::new("AAD Authentication for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is not required."));
             return $controlResult;
            
            }
                
            }

            $AADEnabled = $false
            if([Helpers]::CheckMember($this.AuthenticationSettings,"Properties"))
            {
                $aadSettings = New-Object PSObject
                if([Helpers]::CheckMember($this.AuthenticationSettings.Properties,"enabled"))
                {
                    Add-Member -InputObject $aadSettings -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "Enabled" -Value $this.AuthenticationSettings.Properties.enabled
                }
                
                if([Helpers]::CheckMember($this.AuthenticationSettings.Properties,"ClientId"))
                {
                    Add-Member -InputObject $aadSettings -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "ClientId" -Value $this.AuthenticationSettings.Properties.ClientId

                    if(([Helpers]::CheckMember($this.AuthenticationSettings.Properties,"enabled")) -and ($this.AuthenticationSettings.Properties.enabled -eq $True))
                    {
                        if($null -ne $this.AuthenticationSettings.Properties.ClientId)
                        {
                            $AADEnabled = $True;
                        }
                    }
                }                
                
                if($AADEnabled)
                {
                    $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                                            [MessageData]::new("AAD Authentication for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is enabled", $aadSettings));
                }
                else
                {
                    $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Verify,
                                            [MessageData]::new("Verify that AAD Authentication for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is enabled", $aadSettings));
                    $controlResult.SetStateData("App Service AAD settings", $aadSettings);
                }                
            }
            else
            {
                $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Verify,
                                            [MessageData]::new("Verify that AAD Authentication for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is enabled"));
            }

        }

      return $controlResult;
    }

    hidden [ControlResult] CheckAppServiceRemoteDebuggingConfiguration([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
        if([Helpers]::CheckMember($this.WebAppDetails,"SiteConfig"))
        {
            if([Helpers]::CheckMember($this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig,"RemoteDebuggingEnabled") -and $this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig.RemoteDebuggingEnabled)
            {
                $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Failed,
                                            [MessageData]::new("Remote debugging for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is turned on", ($this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig | Select-Object RemoteDebuggingEnabled)));
            }
            else
            {
                $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                                            [MessageData]::new("Remote debugging for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is turned off", ($this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig | Select-Object RemoteDebuggingEnabled)));
            }
        }
        else
        {
            $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Manual,
                                            [MessageData]::new("Could not validate remote debugging settings on the AppService: " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + "."));
        }

      return $controlResult;
    }

    hidden [ControlResult] CheckAppServiceWebSocketsConfiguration([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
        if($this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig.WebSocketsEnabled)
        {
            $controlResult.EnableFixControl = $true;
            $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Failed,
                                     [MessageData]::new("Web sockets for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is enabled", ($this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig | Select-Object WebSocketsEnabled)));
        }
        else
        {
           $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                                     [MessageData]::new("Web sockets for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is not enabled", ($this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig | Select-Object WebSocketsEnabled)));
        }

      return $controlResult;
    }

    hidden [ControlResult] CheckAppServiceAlwaysOnConfiguration([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
        if($this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig.AlwaysOn)
        {
           $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                                     [MessageData]::new("Always On feature for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is enabled", ($this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig | Select-Object AlwaysOn)));
        }
        else
        {
           $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Failed,
                                     [MessageData]::new("Always On feature for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is not enabled", ($this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig | Select-Object AlwaysOn)));
        }

      return $controlResult;
    }

    hidden [ControlResult] CheckAppService64BitPlatformConfiguration([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
        if($this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig.Use32BitWorkerProcess)
        {
            $controlResult.EnableFixControl = $true;
           $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Failed,
                                     [MessageData]::new("32-bit platform is used for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName, ($this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig | Select-Object Use32BitWorkerProcess)));
        }
        else
        {
           $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                                     [MessageData]::new("64-bit platform is used for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName, ($this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig | Select-Object Use32BitWorkerProcess)));
        }

      return $controlResult;
    }

    hidden [ControlResult] CheckAppServiceDotNetFrameworkVersion([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
        $dotNetFrameworkVersion = $this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig.NetFrameworkVersion
        $splitVersionNumber = $this.ControlSettings.AppService.LatestDotNetFrameworkVersionNumber.split(".")

        # Compare App Service Net Framework version with latest Net Framework version from configuration
        $isCompliant =  $dotNetFrameworkVersion.CompareTo($splitVersionNumber[0] + "." + $splitVersionNumber[1]) -eq 0

        if($isCompliant)
        {
            $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                                        [MessageData]::new("Latest .Net Framework version is used for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName, ($this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig | Select-Object NetFrameworkVersion)));
        }
        else
        {
            $controlResult.EnableFixControl = $true;
            $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Failed,
                                        [MessageData]::new("Latest .Net Framework version is not used for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName, ($this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig | Select-Object NetFrameworkVersion)));
        }

        return $controlResult;
    }

    hidden [ControlResult] CheckAppServiceInstanceCount([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
        # Get number of instances
        $sku = (Get-AzureRmResource -ResourceId $this.ResourceObject.Properties.ServerFarmId).Sku

        if($sku.Capacity -ge $this.ControlSettings.AppService.Minimum_Instance_Count)
        {
            $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed, [MessageData]::new("SKU for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is :", $sku));
        }
        else
        {
            $controlResult.EnableFixControl = $true;
            $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Failed, [MessageData]::new("SKU for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is :", $sku));
        }

      return $controlResult;
    }

    hidden [ControlResult] CheckAppServiceBackupConfiguration([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
        try
        {
            if($this.IsReaderRole)
            {
                #Setting this property ensures that this control result wont be considered for the central telemetry. As control doesnt have the required permissions
                $controlResult.CurrentSessionContext.Permissions.HasRequiredAccess = $false;
                $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Manual,
                                        [MessageData]::new("Control can not be validated due to insufficient access permission on resource"));
            }
            else
            {
                $backupConfiguration = Get-AzureRmWebAppBackupConfiguration `
                                                    -ResourceGroupName $this.ResourceContext.ResourceGroupName `
                                                    -Name $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName `
                                                    -ErrorAction Stop

                $isCompliant = $False
                If ($null -ne $backupConfiguration)
                {
                    # Backup must be enabled and retention period days must be more than 365 and backup start date is less than current time (backup has been already started)
                    # and at least one backup is available
                    If($backupConfiguration.Enabled -eq $True -and `
                    ($backupConfiguration.RetentionPeriodInDays -eq $this.ControlSettings.AppService.Backup_RetentionPeriod_Forever -or $backupConfiguration.RetentionPeriodInDays -ge $this.ControlSettings.AppService.Backup_RetentionPeriod_Min) -and`
                        $backupConfiguration.StartTime -le $(Get-Date) -and $backupConfiguration.KeepAtLeastOneBackup -eq $True)
                    {
                        $isCompliant = $True
                    }
                }

                if(-not $isCompliant)
                {
                    $controlResult.VerificationResult = [VerificationResult]::Failed;
                    if($null -ne $backupConfiguration)
                    {
                        $controlResult.AddMessage([MessageData]::new("Configured backup for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is not as per the security guidelines. Please make sure that the configured backup is inline with below settings:-"));
                        $controlResult.AddMessage([MessageData]::new("Enabled=True, StorageAccountEncryption=Enabled, RetentionPeriodInDays=0 or RetentionPeriodInDays>=365, BackupStartTime<=CurrentTime, KeepAtLeastOneBackup=True", $backupConfiguration));
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        $controlResult.AddMessage([MessageData]::new("Backup for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is not configured", $backupConfiguration));
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                                        [MessageData]::new("Backup for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is enabled", $backupConfiguration));
                }
            }
            
        }
        catch
        {
            if(($_.Exception).Response.StatusCode.value__ -eq 404)
            {
                    $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Failed,
                                        [MessageData]::new("Backup for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " is not configured"));
            }
            else
            {
                    throw $_
            }
        }

        return $controlResult;
    }

    hidden [ControlResult] CheckAppServiceDiagnosticLogsConfiguration([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
        $diagnosticLogsConfig = New-Object PSObject
        Add-Member -InputObject $diagnosticLogsConfig -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "HttpLoggingEnabled" -Value $this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig.HttpLoggingEnabled
        Add-Member -InputObject $diagnosticLogsConfig -MemberType NoteProperty  -Name "DetailedErrorLoggingEnabled" -Value $this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig.DetailedErrorLoggingEnabled
        Add-Member -InputObject $diagnosticLogsConfig -MemberType NoteProperty  -Name "RequestTracingEnabled" -Value $this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig.RequestTracingEnabled

        $isCompliant =  $diagnosticLogsConfig.HttpLoggingEnabled -eq $true -and `
                        $diagnosticLogsConfig.DetailedErrorLoggingEnabled -eq $true -and `
                        $diagnosticLogsConfig.RequestTracingEnabled -eq $true

        if($isCompliant)
        {
           $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                                     [MessageData]::new("Diagnostics logs for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " are enabled", $diagnosticLogsConfig));
        }
        else
        {
            $controlResult.EnableFixControl = $true;
            $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Failed,
                                     [MessageData]::new("All configurations of diagnostics logs for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + " are not enabled", $diagnosticLogsConfig));
        }

        return $controlResult;
    }

    hidden [ControlResult] CheckAppServiceHttpCertificateSSL([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {    
        
        $isHttpsEnabled = $this.ResourceObject.Properties.httpsOnly
        
        if($isHttpsEnabled)
        {
            $controlResult.VerificationResult = [VerificationResult]::Passed
        }
        else
        {
            $controlResult.EnableFixControl = $true;
            $controlResult.VerificationResult = [VerificationResult]::Failed
        }
        
    
        return $controlResult;
    }
    hidden [ControlResult] CheckFunctionsAppHttpCertificateSSL([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {    
            if($this.IsReaderRole)
                {
                    #Setting this property ensures that this control result wont be considered for the central telemetry. As control doesnt have the required permissions
                    $controlResult.CurrentSessionContext.Permissions.HasRequiredAccess = $false;
                    $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Manual,
                                    [MessageData]::new("Control can not be validated due to insufficient access permission on resource"));
                }
            else
                {
                $resourceAppIdURI =[WebRequestHelper]::ClassicManagementUri;
                $accessToken = [Helpers]::GetAccessToken($ResourceAppIdURI)
                $authorisationToken = "Bearer " + $accessToken
                $headers = @{"Authorization"=$authorisationToken;"Content-Type"="application/json"}
                $apiFunctionsUrl = [string]::Format("https://{0}.scm.azurewebsites.net/api/functions",$this.ResourceContext.ResourceName)
                $functionDetail = [WebRequestHelper]::InvokeGetWebRequest($apiFunctionsUrl, $headers)
        
            #check if functions are present in FunctionApp
            if([Helpers]::CheckMember($functionDetail,"config"))
            {
                $bindingsDetail =$functionDetail.config.bindings
                   $ishttpTriggerFunction=$false
                if(($bindingsDetail| Measure-Object).Count -gt 0)
                {
                $bindingsDetail |     ForEach-Object{
                    if($_.type -eq "httpTrigger" )
                     {
                        $ishttpTriggerFunction=$true
                    }
                }
                #if HTTP trigger function is not present, then Http check is not required
                if(!$ishttpTriggerFunction)
                    {

                    $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                        [MessageData]::new("Enabling 'HttpsOnly' is not required for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + "."));
                
                }
                else
                    {
                        $isHttpsEnabled = $this.ResourceObject.Properties.httpsOnly
                        if($isHttpsEnabled)
                                {
                                        $controlResult.VerificationResult = [VerificationResult]::Passed
                                }
                        else
                                {
                                        $controlResult.VerificationResult = [VerificationResult]::Failed
                                }
                    }

            
            }
    
            }
            #if no function is present in Functions App, then Http check is not required
            else
            {
                $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                        [MessageData]::new("Enabling 'HttpsOnly' is not required for this resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName + "."));
            }
        }
        return $controlResult;
        
    }

    hidden [ControlResult] CheckAppServiceLoadCertAppSettings([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
        if($this.IsReaderRole)
        {
            $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Manual,
                                        [MessageData]::new("Control can not be validated due to insufficient access permission on resource"));
        }
        else
        {
            $appSettings = $this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig.AppSettings
               $appSettingParameterList = $null

            if(($appSettings| Measure-Object).Count -gt 0)
            {
                $appSettingParameterList = $appSettings | Where-Object { $_.Name -eq $this.ControlSettings.AppService.LoadCertAppSettings -and $_.Value -eq "*"}
            }

            if($null -ne $appSettingParameterList)
            {
               $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Failed,
                                         [MessageData]::new("'WEBSITE_LOAD_CERTIFICATES' parameter defined equal to '*' is found in App Settings for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName));
            }
            else
            {
               $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                                         [MessageData]::new("'WEBSITE_LOAD_CERTIFICATES' parameter defined equal to '*' is not found in App Settings for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName));
            }
        }
        return $controlResult;
    }

    hidden [ControlResult] CheckFunctionsEditMode([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
        
            $appSettings = $this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig.AppSettings
               $editModeReadOnly = $null

            if(($appSettings| Measure-Object).Count -gt 0)
            {
                $editModeReadOnly = $appSettings | Where-Object { $_.Name -eq "FUNCTION_APP_EDIT_MODE" -and $_.Value -eq "readonly"}
            }

            if($null -ne $editModeReadOnly)
            {
               $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                                         [MessageData]::new("Functions app edit mode is defined as 'readonly' for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName));
            }
            else
            {
               $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Failed,
                                         [MessageData]::new("Functions app edit mode is defined as 'readwrite' for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName));
            }
        return $controlResult;
    }
    
    hidden [ControlResult] CheckFunctionsAuthorizationLevel([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
        if($this.IsReaderRole)
        {
            #Setting this property ensures that this control result wont be considered for the central telemetry. As control doesnt have the required permissions
            $controlResult.CurrentSessionContext.Permissions.HasRequiredAccess = $false;
            $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Manual,
                                    [MessageData]::new("Control can not be validated due to insufficient access permission on resource"));
        }
        else
        {        
        $resourceAppIdURI =[WebRequestHelper]::ClassicManagementUri;
        $accessToken = [Helpers]::GetAccessToken($ResourceAppIdURI)
        $authorisationToken = "Bearer " + $accessToken
        $headers = @{"Authorization"=$authorisationToken;"Content-Type"="application/json"}
        $apiFunctionsUrl = [string]::Format("https://{0}.scm.azurewebsites.net/api/functions",$this.ResourceContext.ResourceName)
        $functionDetail = [WebRequestHelper]::InvokeGetWebRequest($apiFunctionsUrl, $headers)
        
            #check if functions are present in FunctionApp
            if([Helpers]::CheckMember($functionDetail,"config"))
            {
            $bindingsDetail =$functionDetail.config.bindings
               $authorizationLevel = $null

            if(($bindingsDetail| Measure-Object).Count -gt 0)
            {
             $bindingsDetail |     ForEach-Object{
                if($_.type -eq "httpTrigger" )
                     {
                        if([Helpers]::CheckMember($_,"authLevel"))
                            {
                                if($_.authLevel -ne 'function')
                                {
                                    $authorizationLevel=$_.authLevel
                                }
                            } 
                        }
                }
            }
            
            if($null -ne $authorizationLevel)
            {
               $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Failed,
                                         [MessageData]::new("Authorization level for all functions in a Functions app is not defined as 'Function' for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName));
            }
            else
            {
               $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                                         [MessageData]::new("Authorization level for all functions in a Functions app is defined as 'Function' for resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName));
            }
            }
          else
            {
               $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Passed,
                                         [MessageData]::new("No functions are found in Functions app resource " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName));
            }
        }
        return $controlResult;
    }
      hidden [ControlResult] CheckAppServiceCORSAllowed([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
        if($this.IsReaderRole)
        {
            $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Manual,
                                        [MessageData]::new("Control can not be validated due to insufficient access permission on resource"));
        }
        else
        {
             $corsSettings=$this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig.Cors
            if([Helpers]::CheckMember($corsSettings,"AllowedOrigins") -and ($corsSettings.AllowedOrigins | Measure-Object).Count -ne 0)
            {
             
               if($corsSettings.AllowedOrigins.Contains("*"))
               {
                    $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Failed,
                        [MessageData]::new("CORS is enabled in app service with access from all domains ('*') " + $this.ResourceContext.ResourceName, $corsSettings.AllowedOrigins));
                    $controlResult.SetStateData("CORS setting Allowed Origins",$corsSettings.AllowedOrigins);
               }
               else
               {
                    $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Verify,
                        [MessageData]::new("CORS is enabled in app service with access from custom domains " , $corsSettings.AllowedOrigins));
                    $controlResult.SetStateData("CORS setting Allowed Origins",$corsSettings.AllowedOrigins);
               
               }
            }
            else 
            {    
                $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Manual,
                                      [MessageData]::new("No CORS settings found for "+$this.ResourceContext.ResourceName));       
            }
            
        }
        return $controlResult;
    }
    hidden [ControlResult] CheckAppServiceMsiEnabled([ControlResult] $controlResult)
    {
         if($this.IsReaderRole)
        {
            $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Manual,
                                        [MessageData]::new("Control can not be validated due to insufficient access permission on resource"));
        }
        else
        {
            $appSettings = $this.WebAppDetails.SiteConfig.AppSettings
               $msiObject = $null

            if(($appSettings| Measure-Object).Count -gt 0)
            {
                $msiObject = $appSettings | Where-Object { $_.Name -eq "WEBSITE_DISABLE_MSI"}
            }

            if($msiObject -eq $null)
            {                
              $uri=[system.string]::Format("https://management.azure.com/subscriptions/{0}/resourceGroups/{1}/providers/Microsoft.Web/sites/{2}?api-version=2016-08-01",$this.SubscriptionContext.SubscriptionId,$this.ResourceContext.ResourceGroupName,$this.ResourceContext.ResourceName)    
              $json=$null;
              try 
              {     
                $json=[WebRequestHelper]::InvokeGetWebRequest($uri);
              } 
              catch
              { 
                $json=$null;
              }        
              if(($null -ne $json) -and (($json | Measure-Object).Count -gt 0))
              {
                 if(([Helpers]::CheckMember($json[0],"Identity")) -and ($json[0].Identity.type -eq "SystemAssigned"))
                 {
                   
                    $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Verify,
                                         [MessageData]::new("Your app service is using Managed Service Identity(MSI). It is specifically turned On."));
                   
                 }
                 else
                 {
                   $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Verify,
                                         [MessageData]::new("Your app service is not using Managed Service Identity(MSI). It is specifically turned Off."));
                 }
              }
              else
              {
                 $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Verify,
                                         [MessageData]::new("Unable to validate control.Please verify from portal, Managed Service Identity(MSI) is On or Off."));
              }
            }
            elseif($msiObject.Value -eq "false")
            {
                $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Verify,
                                         [MessageData]::new("Your app service is using Managed Service Identity(MSI). Found the value below in the app settings",$msiObject));
                $controlResult.SetStateData("Managed Service Identity Settings",$msiObject);
            }
            else
            {
               $controlResult.AddMessage([VerificationResult]::Verify,
                                         [MessageData]::new("Your app service is not using Managed Service Identity(MSI). It is specifically turned Off. Found the value below in the app settings",$msiObject));
               $controlResult.SetStateData("Managed Service Identity Settings",$msiObject);
            }
        }
        return $controlResult;
    }

}