functions/New-AzureADUserAuthenticationMethod.ps1

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function New-AzureADUserAuthenticationMethod {
    <#
    .SYNOPSIS
        Creates a new authentication method for the user.
    .DESCRIPTION
        Creates a new authentication method for the user.
        Use to create a new method type for the user. To modify a method, use Update-AzureADUserAuthenticationMethod.
    .EXAMPLE
        PS C:\>New-AzureADUserAuthenticationMethod user@contoso.com -Phone -PhoneNumber '+61412345678' -PhoneType mobile
        Adds a new mobile phone authentication method to the user.
    #>

    [CmdletBinding()]
    param (

        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True, ParameterSetName = 'password')]
        [switch]
        $Password,
        
        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True, ParameterSetName = 'securityQuestion')]
        [switch]
        $SecurityQuestion,
        
        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True, ParameterSetName = 'default')]
        [switch]
        $Default,
        
        [Alias('UserId', 'UPN', 'UserPrincipalName')]
        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True, Position = 1, ValueFromPipeline = $true, ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $true)]
        [string]
        $ObjectId,
        
        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True, ParameterSetName = 'phone')]
        [string]
        $PhoneNumber,
        
        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True, ParameterSetName = 'phone')]
        [ValidateSet("mobile", "alternateMobile", "office")]
        [string]
        $PhoneType,
        
        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True, ParameterSetName = 'email', Position = 2)]
        [string]
        $EmailAddress,
        
        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True, ParameterSetName = 'password')]
        [string]
        $NewPassword,
        
        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True, ParameterSetName = 'securityQuestion')]
        [string]
        $Question,
        
        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True, ParameterSetName = 'securityQuestion')]
        [string]
        $Answer,

        [Parameter(Mandatory = $True, ParameterSetName = 'temporaryAccessPass')]
        [switch]
        $TemporaryAccessPass,

        [Parameter(Mandatory = $False,ParameterSetName = 'temporaryAccessPass')]
        [int]$LifetimeInMinutes,

        [Parameter(Mandatory = $False,ParameterSetName = 'temporaryAccessPass')]
        [datetime]$StartDateTime,

        [Parameter(Mandatory = $False,ParameterSetName = 'temporaryAccessPass')]
        [boolean]$IsUsableOnce
        
    )
    
    begin {
        Assert-GraphConnection -Cmdlet $PSCmdlet
    }
    process {
        switch ($PSCmdlet.ParameterSetName) {
            "phone" {
                $postParams = @{
                    phoneNumber = $PhoneNumber
                    phoneType = $PhoneType
                }
                $json = $postparams | ConvertTo-Json -Depth 99 -Compress
                Invoke-AzureAdRequest -Method POST -Query "users/$ObjectId/authentication/phoneMethods" -Body $json -Raw
                break
            }
            "email" {
                $postParams = @{
                    emailAddress = $EmailAddress
                }
                $json = $postparams | ConvertTo-Json -Depth 99 -Compress
                Invoke-AzureAdRequest -Method POST -Query "users/$ObjectId/authentication/emailMethods" -Body $json -Raw
                break
            }
            "temporaryAccessPass" {
                $postParams = @{}
                if ($True -eq $LifetimeInMinutes) {$postParams.LifetimeInMinutes = $LifetimeInMinutes}
                if ($True -eq $StartDateTime) {
                    $startDateTimeUTC = $StartDateTime.ToUniversalTime()
                    $startDateTimeUTCISO = Get-Date $startDateTimeUTC
                    $postParams.StartDateTime = $startDateTimeUTCISO
                }
                if ($True -eq $IsUsableOnce) {$postParams.isUsableOnce = 'True'}
                $json = $postparams | ConvertTo-Json -Depth 99 -Compress
                Invoke-AzureAdRequest -Method POST -Query "users/$ObjectId/authentication/temporaryAccessPassMethods" -Body $json -Raw
                break
            }
            default {
                throw "Setting the $($PSCmdlet.ParameterSetName) method is not yet supported."
            }
        }
    }
}