BW.Utils.WMIPermissions.psm1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
<#
This module is based off work done by Steve Lee and Graeme Bray. The methods for
accessing and modifying WMI permissions were taken from the original script
Set-WMINameSpaceSecurity.ps1 located in TechNet. Without their work this module
would not be possible.
 
TechNet Link: https://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/Set-WMI-Namespace-Security-5081ad6d
 
Blog links:
   https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/wmi/2009/07/20/scripting-wmi-namespace-security-part-1-of-3/
   https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/wmi/2009/07/23/scripting-wmi-namespace-security-part-2-of-3/
   https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/wmi/2009/07/27/scripting-wmi-namespace-security-part-3-of-3/
    
#>


using namespace System.Security.Principal
using namespace System.Management

enum WmiPermissions {
    Enable           = 0x1     # WBEM_ENABLE
    MethodExecute    = 0x2     # WBEM_METHOD_EXECUTE
    FullWrite        = 0x4     # WBEM_FULL_WRITE_REP
    PartialWrite     = 0x8     # WBEM_PARTIAL_WRITE_REP
    ProviderWrite    = 0x10    # WBEM_WRITE_PROVIDER
    RemoteAccess     = 0x20    # WBEM_REMOTE_ACCESS
    Subscribe        = 0x40    # WBEM_RIGHT_SUBSCRIBE
    Publish          = 0x80    # WBEM_RIGHT_PUBLISH
    ReadSecurity     = 0x20000 # READ_CONTROL
    WriteSecurity    = 0x40000 # WRITE_DAC
}

enum WmiInheritance {
    ObjectInherit    = 0x1     # OBJECT_INHERIT_ACE
    ContainerInherit = 0x2     # CONTAINER_INHERIT_ACE
    NoPropagate      = 0x4     # NO_PROPAGATE_INHERIT_ACE
    InheritOnly      = 0x8     # INHERIT_ONLY_ACE
    Inherited        = 0x10    # INHERITED_ACE
}

enum WmiAccessType {
    AccessAllowed    = 0x0     # ACCESS_ALLOWED_ACE_TYPE
    AccessDenied     = 0x1     # ACCESS_DENIED_ACE_TYPE
    Audit            = 0x2     # AUDIT_ACE_TYPE
}


<#
.SYNOPSIS
 Returns WMI ACL object
 
.DESCRIPTION
 Returns WMI ACL object
 
.PARAMETER Namespace
 Full namespace path
 
.PARAMETER ComputerName
 Remote computer name
 
.PARAMETER Credential
 Remote computer credential
 
.EXAMPLE
 $ACL = Get-WmiNamespaceACL -Namespace 'root/cimv2'
#>

function Get-WmiNamespaceACL {

    [CmdletBinding(
        DefaultParameterSetName = 'Local'
    )]
    param(

        [Parameter(
            Mandatory,
            Position = 1
        )]
        [string]
        $Namespace,

        [Parameter(
            Mandatory,
            ParameterSetName = 'Remote'
        )]
        [string]
        $ComputerName,

        [Parameter(
            ParameterSetName = 'Remote'
        )]
        [pscredential]
        $Credential
    
    )

    $RemoteParams = @{}

    if ( $ComputerName ) { $RemoteParams.ComputerName = $ComputerName }
    if ( $Credential   ) { $RemoteParams.Credential   = $credential   }

    $Result = Invoke-WmiMethod -Namespace $Namespace -Path '__systemsecurity=@' -Name 'GetSecurityDescriptor' -ErrorAction Stop @RemoteParams

    if ( $Result.ReturnValue -ne 0 ) {

        throw ( 'Failed to get security descriptor. Method returned {0}.' -f $Result.ReturnValue )

    }
 
    $Result.Descriptor
        
}


<#
.SYNOPSIS
 Sets WMI ACL object
 
.DESCRIPTION
 Sets WMI ACL object
 
.PARAMETER Acl
 ACL object to set
 
.PARAMETER Namespace
 Full namespace path
 
.PARAMETER ComputerName
 Remote computer name
 
.PARAMETER Credential
 Remote computer credential
 
.EXAMPLE
 $ACL | Set-WmiNamespaceACL -Namespace 'root/cimv2'
#>

function Set-WmiNamespaceACL {

    [CmdletBinding(
        DefaultParameterSetName = 'Local'
    )]
    param(

        [Parameter(
            Mandatory,
            Position = 1,
            ValueFromPipeline
        )]
        [ManagementBaseObject]
        $Acl,

        [Parameter(
            Mandatory,
            Position = 2
        )]
        [string]
        $Namespace,

        [Parameter(
            Mandatory,
            ParameterSetName = 'Remote'
        )]
        [string]
        $ComputerName,

        [Parameter(
            ParameterSetName = 'Remote'
        )]
        [pscredential]
        $Credential
    
    )

    $RemoteParams = @{}

    if ( $ComputerName ) { $RemoteParams.ComputerName = $ComputerName }
    if ( $Credential   ) { $RemoteParams.Credential   = $credential   }

    # set the new ACL
    $Result = Invoke-WmiMethod -Namespace $Namespace -Path '__systemsecurity=@' -Name 'SetSecurityDescriptor' -ArgumentList $Acl.psobject.immediateBaseObject -ErrorAction Stop @RemoteParams

    if ( $Result.ReturnValue -ne 0 ) {

        Write-Warning "SetSecurityDescriptor failed: $($Result.ReturnValue)"
    
    }
        
}


<#
.SYNOPSIS
 Adds trustee permission to WMI ACL object
 
.DESCRIPTION
 Adds trustee permission to WMI ACL object
 
.PARAMETER Acl
 ACL object to modify
 
.PARAMETER Permissions
 Permissions to be granted or denied by this ACE
 
.PARAMETER Inheritance
 Type of inheritance for the ACE
 
.PARAMETER AccessType
 Allow or Deny access
 
.PARAMETER NTAccount
 NTAccount to add
 
.PARAMETER SID
 SecurityIdentifier to add
 
.EXAMPLE
 $ACL | Add-WmiNamespaceTrustee -Permissions Enable -NTAccount 'DOMAIN\UserName'
 
#>

function Add-WmiNamespaceTrustee {

    [CmdletBinding()]
    param(

        [Parameter(
            Mandatory,
            Position = 1,
            ValueFromPipeline
        )]
        [ManagementBaseObject[]]
        $Acl,

        [parameter(
            Mandatory,
            Position = 2
        )]
        [WmiPermissions[]]
        $Permissions,

        [parameter(
            Position = 3
        )]
        [WmiInheritance[]]
        $Inheritance = 'ContainerInherit',

        [parameter(
            Position = 4
        )]
        [WmiAccessType]
        $AccessType = 'AccessAllowed',

        [parameter(
            ParameterSetName = 'NTAccount',
            Mandatory,
            Position = 5
        )]
        [Alias( 'User', 'Group', 'Account' )]
        [ValidatePattern( '^(?# Matches DOMAIN\UserName )([^\\\/:*?"<>|.]+\\)?[^\\]+$' )]
        [NTAccount]
        $NTAccount,

        [Parameter(
            ParameterSetName = 'SID',
            Mandatory,
            Position = 5
        )]
        [SecurityIdentifier]
        $SID,

        [switch]
        $PassThru
    
    )

    begin {

        # if SID is not set, convert from NTAccount
        if ( -not $SID ) {

            $SID = $NTAccount.Translate( [SecurityIdentifier] )

        }
        
        # create a new ACE to add
        $Ace = [ManagementClass]::new('Win32_ACE').CreateInstance()

        # calculate access mask
        $Ace.AccessMask = $Permissions |
            Measure-Object -Sum |
            Select-Object -ExpandProperty Sum

        # set inheritance
        $Ace.AceFlags = $Inheritance |
            Measure-Object -Sum |
            Select-Object -ExpandProperty Sum

        # set access type
        $Ace.AceType = $AccessType

        # create a new trustee
        $Win32Trustee = [ManagementClass]::new('Win32_Trustee').CreateInstance()
        $Win32Trustee.SIDString = $SID.Value

        # attach the trustee to the ACE
        $Ace.Trustee = $Win32Trustee

    }

    process {

        $Acl | ForEach-Object {

            # attach the ACE to the ACL
            $_.DACL += $Ace.psobject.immediateBaseObject

            if ( $PassThru ) { $_ }

        }

    }

}


<#
.SYNOPSIS
 Removes trustee permission to WMI ACL object
 
.DESCRIPTION
 Removes trustee permission to WMI ACL object
 
.PARAMETER Acl
 ACL object to modify
 
.PARAMETER NTAccount
 NTAccount to remove
 
.PARAMETER SID
 SecurityIdentifier to remove
 
.EXAMPLE
 $ACL | Remove-WmiNamespaceTrustee -NTAccount 'DOMAIN\UserName'
#>

function Remove-WmiNamespaceTrustee {

    [CmdletBinding()]
    param(

        [Parameter(
            Mandatory,
            Position = 1,
            ValueFromPipeline
        )]
        [ManagementBaseObject[]]
        $Acl,

        [parameter(
            ParameterSetName = 'NTAccount',
            Mandatory,
            Position = 2
        )]
        [Alias( 'User', 'Group', 'Account' )]
        [ValidatePattern( '^(?# Matches DOMAIN\UserName )([^\\\/:*?"<>|.]+\\)?[^\\]+$' )]
        [NTAccount]
        $NTAccount,

        [Parameter(
            ParameterSetName = 'SID',
            Mandatory,
            Position = 2
        )]
        [SecurityIdentifier]
        $SID,

        [switch]
        $PassThru
    
    )

    begin {

        # convert NTAccount to SID
        if ( -not $SID ) {

            $SID = $NTAccount.Translate( [SecurityIdentifier] )

        }
        
    }

    process {

        $Acl | ForEach-Object {
    
            # filter the DACL
            [ManagementBaseObject[]]$NewDACL = $_.DACL |
                Where-Object { $_.Trustee.SidString -ne $SID.Value }

            # attach the new DACL to the ACL
            $_.DACL = $NewDACL.psobject.immediateBaseObject

            if ( $PassThru ) { $_ }

        }

    }
    
}


<#
.SYNOPSIS
 Returns trustee permission on an WMI ACL object
 
.DESCRIPTION
 Returns trustee permission on an WMI ACL object
 
.PARAMETER Acl
 ACL object
 
.PARAMETER NTAccount
 NTAccount to check
 
.PARAMETER SID
 SecurityIdentifier to check
 
.PARAMETER AccessType
 Allow or Deny access
 
.EXAMPLE
 $ACL | Get-WmiNamespaceTrusteeRights -NTAccount 'DOMAIN\UserName'
  
#>

function Get-WmiNamespaceTrusteeRights {

    [CmdletBinding()]
    param(

        [Parameter(
            Mandatory,
            Position = 1,
            ValueFromPipeline
        )]
        [ManagementBaseObject[]]
        $Acl,

        [parameter(
            ParameterSetName = 'NTAccount',
            Mandatory,
            Position = 2
        )]
        [Alias( 'User', 'Group', 'Account' )]
        [ValidatePattern( '^(?# Matches DOMAIN\UserName )([^\\\/:*?"<>|.]+\\)?[^\\]+$' )]
        [NTAccount]
        $NTAccount,

        [Parameter(
            ParameterSetName = 'SID',
            Mandatory,
            Position = 2
        )]
        [SecurityIdentifier]
        $SID,

        [parameter(
            Position = 3
        )]
        [WmiAccessType]
        $AccessType = 'AccessAllowed'
    
    )

    begin {

        # convert NTAccount to SID
        if ( -not $SID ) {

            $SID = $NTAccount.Translate( [SecurityIdentifier] )

        }
        
    }

    process {

        $Acl | ForEach-Object {
    
            # filter the DACL
            $_.DACL |
                Where-Object { $_.Trustee.SidString -eq $SID.Value -and $_.AceType -eq $AccessType } -PipelineVariable 'Ace' |
                ForEach-Object { [WmiPermissions].GetEnumValues() } |
                Where-Object { $_ -band [int]$Ace.AccessMask }

        }

    }
    
}