Functions/Remove-GroupMember.ps1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

function Remove-GroupMember
{
    <#
    .SYNOPSIS
    Removes users or groups from a *local* group.
 
    .DESCRIPTION
    You would think it's pretty easy and straight-forward to remove users/groups from a local group, but you would be wrong. The quick solution is to use `net localgroup`, but that won't accept user/group names longer than 24 characters. This means you have to use the .NET Directory Services APIs. How do you reliably remove both users *and* groups? What if those users are in a domain? What if they're in another domain? What about built-in users? Fortunately, your brain hasn't exploded.
 
    So, this function removes users or groups from a *local* group.
 
    If the user or group is not a member, nothing happens.
 
    `Remove-GroupMember` is new in Carbon 2.0.
 
    .EXAMPLE
    Remove-GroupMember -Name Administrators -Member EMPIRE\DarthVader,EMPIRE\EmperorPalpatine,REBELS\LSkywalker
 
    Removes Darth Vader, Emperor Palpatine and Luke Skywalker from the local administrators group.
 
    .EXAMPLE
    Remove-GroupMember -Name TieFighters -Member NetworkService
 
    Removes the local NetworkService account from the local TieFighters group.
    #>

    [CmdletBinding(SupportsShouldProcess=$true)]
    param(
        [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
        [string]
        # The group name.
        $Name,
        
        [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
        [string[]]
        # The users/groups to remove from a group.
        [Alias('Members')]
        $Member
    )

    Set-StrictMode -Version 'Latest'

    Use-CallerPreference -Cmdlet $PSCmdlet -Session $ExecutionContext.SessionState
    
    [DirectoryServices.AccountManagement.GroupPrincipal]$group = Get-Group -Name $Name
    if( -not $group )
    {
        return
    }
    
    try
    {
        $changesMade = $false
        $Member | 
            ForEach-Object { Resolve-Identity -Name $_ } |
            ForEach-Object {
                $identity = $_
                [DirectoryServices.AccountManagement.PrincipalContext]$identityCtx = Get-IdentityPrincipalContext -Identity $_
                if( -not $identityCtx )
                {
                    return
                }

                try
                {
                    $isMember = $group.Members.Contains( $identityCtx, 'Sid', $identity.Sid.Value )
                    if( $isMember -and $pscmdlet.ShouldProcess( $group.Name, ("remove member {0}" -f $identity.FullName) ) )
                    {
                        try
                        {
                            [void]$group.Members.Remove( $identityCtx, 'Sid', $identity.Sid.Value )
                            $changesMade = $true
                        }
                        catch
                        {
                            Write-Error ('Failed to remove ''{0}'' to group ''{1}'': {2}.' -f $identity,$Name,$_)
                        }
                    }
                }
                finally
                {
                    $identityCtx.Dispose()
                }
            }

        if( $changesMade )
        {
            try
            {
                $group.Save()
            }
            catch
            {
                Write-Error ('Failed to save changes to group ''{0}'': {1}.' -f $Name,$_)
            }
        }
    }
    finally
    {
        $group.Dispose()
    }
}