Private/RSAEncryptionProvider.cs

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using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.Net;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Security;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

namespace RSAEncryption
{
    public class RSAEncryptionProvider
    {
        public static RSACryptoServiceProvider GetRSAProviderFromPemFile(String pemfile,SecureString keyPassPharse = null)
        {
            const String pempubheader = "-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----";
            const String pempubfooter = "-----END PUBLIC KEY-----";
            bool isPrivateKeyFile = true;
            byte[] pemkey = null;

            if (!File.Exists(pemfile))
            {
                throw new Exception("private key file does not exist.");
            }
            string pemstr = File.ReadAllText(pemfile).Trim();

            if (pemstr.StartsWith(pempubheader) && pemstr.EndsWith(pempubfooter))
            {
                isPrivateKeyFile = false;
            }

            if (isPrivateKeyFile)
            {
                pemkey = ConvertPrivateKeyToBytes(pemstr,keyPassPharse);
                if (pemkey == null)
                {
                    return null;
                }
                return DecodeRSAPrivateKey(pemkey);
            }
            return null ;
        }

        static byte[] ConvertPrivateKeyToBytes(String instr, SecureString keyPassPharse = null)
        {
            const String pemprivheader = "-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----";
            const String pemprivfooter = "-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----";
            String pemstr = instr.Trim();
            byte[] binkey;

            if (!pemstr.StartsWith(pemprivheader) || !pemstr.EndsWith(pemprivfooter))
            {
                return null;
            }

            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(pemstr);
            sb.Replace(pemprivheader, "");
            sb.Replace(pemprivfooter, "");
            String pvkstr = sb.ToString().Trim();

            try
            { // if there are no PEM encryption info lines, this is an UNencrypted PEM private key
                binkey = Convert.FromBase64String(pvkstr);
                return binkey;
            }
            catch (System.FormatException)
            {
                StringReader str = new StringReader(pvkstr);

                //-------- read PEM encryption info. lines and extract salt -----
                if (!str.ReadLine().StartsWith("Proc-Type: 4,ENCRYPTED"))
                    return null;
                String saltline = str.ReadLine();
                if (!saltline.StartsWith("DEK-Info: DES-EDE3-CBC,"))
                    return null;
                String saltstr = saltline.Substring(saltline.IndexOf(",") + 1).Trim();
                byte[] salt = new byte[saltstr.Length / 2];
                for (int i = 0; i < salt.Length; i++)
                    salt[i] = Convert.ToByte(saltstr.Substring(i * 2, 2), 16);
                if (!(str.ReadLine() == ""))
                    return null;

                //------ remaining b64 data is encrypted RSA key ----
                String encryptedstr = str.ReadToEnd();

                try
                { //should have b64 encrypted RSA key now
                    binkey = Convert.FromBase64String(encryptedstr);
                }
                catch (System.FormatException)
                { //data is not in base64 fromat
                    return null;
                }

                byte[] deskey = GetEncryptedKey(salt, keyPassPharse, 1, 2); // count=1 (for OpenSSL implementation); 2 iterations to get at least 24 bytes
                if (deskey == null)
                    return null;

                //------ Decrypt the encrypted 3des-encrypted RSA private key ------
                byte[] rsakey = DecryptKey(binkey, deskey, salt); //OpenSSL uses salt value in PEM header also as 3DES IV
                return rsakey;
            }
        }

        public static RSACryptoServiceProvider DecodeRSAPrivateKey(byte[] privkey)
        {
            byte[] MODULUS, E, D, P, Q, DP, DQ, IQ;

            // --------- Set up stream to decode the asn.1 encoded RSA private key ------
            MemoryStream mem = new MemoryStream(privkey);
            BinaryReader binr = new BinaryReader(mem); //wrap Memory Stream with BinaryReader for easy reading
            byte bt = 0;
            ushort twobytes = 0;
            int elems = 0;
            try
            {
                twobytes = binr.ReadUInt16();
                if (twobytes == 0x8130) //data read as little endian order (actual data order for Sequence is 30 81)
                    binr.ReadByte(); //advance 1 byte
                else if (twobytes == 0x8230)
                    binr.ReadInt16(); //advance 2 bytes
                else
                    return null;

                twobytes = binr.ReadUInt16();
                if (twobytes != 0x0102) //version number
                    return null;
                bt = binr.ReadByte();
                if (bt != 0x00)
                    return null;

                //------ all private key components are Integer sequences ----
                elems = GetIntegerSize(binr);
                MODULUS = binr.ReadBytes(elems);

                elems = GetIntegerSize(binr);
                E = binr.ReadBytes(elems);

                elems = GetIntegerSize(binr);
                D = binr.ReadBytes(elems);

                elems = GetIntegerSize(binr);
                P = binr.ReadBytes(elems);

                elems = GetIntegerSize(binr);
                Q = binr.ReadBytes(elems);

                elems = GetIntegerSize(binr);
                DP = binr.ReadBytes(elems);

                elems = GetIntegerSize(binr);
                DQ = binr.ReadBytes(elems);

                elems = GetIntegerSize(binr);
                IQ = binr.ReadBytes(elems);

                // ------- create RSACryptoServiceProvider instance and initialize with public key -----
                RSACryptoServiceProvider RSA = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();
                RSAParameters RSAparams = new RSAParameters();
                RSAparams.Modulus = MODULUS;
                RSAparams.Exponent = E;
                RSAparams.D = D;
                RSAparams.P = P;
                RSAparams.Q = Q;
                RSAparams.DP = DP;
                RSAparams.DQ = DQ;
                RSAparams.InverseQ = IQ;
                RSA.ImportParameters(RSAparams);
                return RSA;
            }
            catch (Exception)
            {
                return null;
            }
            finally { binr.Close(); }
        }

        private static int GetIntegerSize(BinaryReader binr)
        {
            byte bt = 0;
            byte lowbyte = 0x00;
            byte highbyte = 0x00;
            int count = 0;
            bt = binr.ReadByte();
            if (bt != 0x02) //expect integer
                return 0;
            bt = binr.ReadByte();

            if (bt == 0x81)
                count = binr.ReadByte(); // data size in next byte
            else
                if (bt == 0x82)
            {
                highbyte = binr.ReadByte(); // data size in next 2 bytes
                lowbyte = binr.ReadByte();
                byte[] modint = { lowbyte, highbyte, 0x00, 0x00 };
                count = BitConverter.ToInt32(modint, 0);
            }
            else
            {
                count = bt; // we already have the data size
            }
            while (binr.ReadByte() == 0x00)
            { //remove high order zeros in data
                count -= 1;
            }
            binr.BaseStream.Seek(-1, SeekOrigin.Current);
            //last ReadByte wasn't a removed zero, so back up a byte
            return count;
        }

        static byte[] GetEncryptedKey(byte[] salt, SecureString secpswd, int count, int miter)
        {
            IntPtr unmanagedPswd = IntPtr.Zero;
            int HASHLENGTH = 16; //MD5 bytes
            byte[] keymaterial = new byte[HASHLENGTH * miter]; //to store contatenated Mi hashed results

            byte[] psbytes = new byte[secpswd.Length];
            unmanagedPswd = Marshal.SecureStringToGlobalAllocAnsi(secpswd);
            Marshal.Copy(unmanagedPswd, psbytes, 0, psbytes.Length);
            Marshal.ZeroFreeGlobalAllocAnsi(unmanagedPswd);

            // --- contatenate salt and pswd bytes into fixed data array ---
            byte[] data00 = new byte[psbytes.Length + salt.Length];
            Array.Copy(psbytes, data00, psbytes.Length); //copy the pswd bytes
            Array.Copy(salt, 0, data00, psbytes.Length, salt.Length); //concatenate the salt bytes

            // ---- do multi-hashing and contatenate results D1, D2 ... into keymaterial bytes ----
            MD5 md5 = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
            byte[] result = null;
            byte[] hashtarget = new byte[HASHLENGTH + data00.Length]; //fixed length initial hashtarget

            for (int j = 0; j < miter; j++)
            {
                // ---- Now hash consecutively for count times ------
                if (j == 0)
                    result = data00; //initialize
                else
                {
                    Array.Copy(result, hashtarget, result.Length);
                    Array.Copy(data00, 0, hashtarget, result.Length, data00.Length);
                    result = hashtarget;
                }

                for (int i = 0; i < count; i++)
                    result = md5.ComputeHash(result);
                Array.Copy(result, 0, keymaterial, j * HASHLENGTH, result.Length); //contatenate to keymaterial
            }
            byte[] deskey = new byte[24];
            Array.Copy(keymaterial, deskey, deskey.Length);

            Array.Clear(psbytes, 0, psbytes.Length);
            Array.Clear(data00, 0, data00.Length);
            Array.Clear(result, 0, result.Length);
            Array.Clear(hashtarget, 0, hashtarget.Length);
            Array.Clear(keymaterial, 0, keymaterial.Length);
            return deskey;
        }

        static byte[] DecryptKey(byte[] cipherData, byte[] desKey, byte[] IV)
        {
            MemoryStream memst = new MemoryStream();
            TripleDES alg = TripleDES.Create();
            alg.Key = desKey;
            alg.IV = IV;
            try
            {
                CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(memst, alg.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write);
                cs.Write(cipherData, 0, cipherData.Length);
                cs.Close();
            }
            catch (Exception){
                return null;
            }
            byte[] decryptedData = memst.ToArray();
            return decryptedData;
        }
    }
}