runasuser.psm1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
$script:source = @"
using Microsoft.Win32.SafeHandles;
using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Text;
 
namespace RunAsUser
{
    internal class NativeHelpers
    {
        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
        public struct PROCESS_INFORMATION
        {
            public IntPtr hProcess;
            public IntPtr hThread;
            public int dwProcessId;
            public int dwThreadId;
        }
 
        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
        public struct STARTUPINFO
        {
            public int cb;
            public String lpReserved;
            public String lpDesktop;
            public String lpTitle;
            public uint dwX;
            public uint dwY;
            public uint dwXSize;
            public uint dwYSize;
            public uint dwXCountChars;
            public uint dwYCountChars;
            public uint dwFillAttribute;
            public uint dwFlags;
            public short wShowWindow;
            public short cbReserved2;
            public IntPtr lpReserved2;
            public IntPtr hStdInput;
            public IntPtr hStdOutput;
            public IntPtr hStdError;
        }
 
        [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
        public struct WTS_SESSION_INFO
        {
            public readonly UInt32 SessionID;
 
            [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPStr)]
            public readonly String pWinStationName;
 
            public readonly WTS_CONNECTSTATE_CLASS State;
        }
    }
 
    internal class NativeMethods
    {
        [DllImport("kernel32", SetLastError=true)]
        public static extern int WaitForSingleObject(
          IntPtr hHandle,
          int dwMilliseconds);
 
        [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError = true)]
        public static extern bool CloseHandle(
            IntPtr hSnapshot);
 
        [DllImport("userenv.dll", SetLastError = true)]
        public static extern bool CreateEnvironmentBlock(
            ref IntPtr lpEnvironment,
            SafeHandle hToken,
            bool bInherit);
 
        [DllImport("advapi32.dll", SetLastError = true, CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
        public static extern bool CreateProcessAsUserW(
            SafeHandle hToken,
            String lpApplicationName,
            StringBuilder lpCommandLine,
            IntPtr lpProcessAttributes,
            IntPtr lpThreadAttributes,
            bool bInheritHandle,
            uint dwCreationFlags,
            IntPtr lpEnvironment,
            String lpCurrentDirectory,
            ref NativeHelpers.STARTUPINFO lpStartupInfo,
            out NativeHelpers.PROCESS_INFORMATION lpProcessInformation);
 
        [DllImport("userenv.dll", SetLastError = true)]
        [return: MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Bool)]
        public static extern bool DestroyEnvironmentBlock(
            IntPtr lpEnvironment);
 
        [DllImport("advapi32.dll", SetLastError = true)]
        public static extern bool DuplicateTokenEx(
            SafeHandle ExistingTokenHandle,
            uint dwDesiredAccess,
            IntPtr lpThreadAttributes,
            SECURITY_IMPERSONATION_LEVEL ImpersonationLevel,
            TOKEN_TYPE TokenType,
            out SafeNativeHandle DuplicateTokenHandle);
 
        [DllImport("advapi32.dll", SetLastError = true)]
        public static extern bool GetTokenInformation(
            SafeHandle TokenHandle,
            uint TokenInformationClass,
            SafeMemoryBuffer TokenInformation,
            int TokenInformationLength,
            out int ReturnLength);
 
        [DllImport("wtsapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode, SetLastError = true)]
        public static extern bool WTSEnumerateSessions(
            IntPtr hServer,
            int Reserved,
            int Version,
            ref IntPtr ppSessionInfo,
            ref int pCount);
 
        [DllImport("wtsapi32.dll")]
        public static extern void WTSFreeMemory(
            IntPtr pMemory);
 
        [DllImport("kernel32.dll")]
        public static extern uint WTSGetActiveConsoleSessionId();
 
        [DllImport("Wtsapi32.dll", SetLastError = true)]
        public static extern bool WTSQueryUserToken(
            uint SessionId,
            out SafeNativeHandle phToken);
    }
 
    internal class SafeMemoryBuffer : SafeHandleZeroOrMinusOneIsInvalid
    {
        public SafeMemoryBuffer(int cb) : base(true)
        {
            base.SetHandle(Marshal.AllocHGlobal(cb));
        }
        public SafeMemoryBuffer(IntPtr handle) : base(true)
        {
            base.SetHandle(handle);
        }
 
        protected override bool ReleaseHandle()
        {
            Marshal.FreeHGlobal(handle);
            return true;
        }
    }
 
    internal class SafeNativeHandle : SafeHandleZeroOrMinusOneIsInvalid
    {
        public SafeNativeHandle() : base(true) { }
        public SafeNativeHandle(IntPtr handle) : base(true) { this.handle = handle; }
 
        protected override bool ReleaseHandle()
        {
            return NativeMethods.CloseHandle(handle);
        }
    }
 
    internal enum SECURITY_IMPERSONATION_LEVEL
    {
        SecurityAnonymous = 0,
        SecurityIdentification = 1,
        SecurityImpersonation = 2,
        SecurityDelegation = 3,
    }
 
    internal enum SW
    {
        SW_HIDE = 0,
        SW_SHOWNORMAL = 1,
        SW_NORMAL = 1,
        SW_SHOWMINIMIZED = 2,
        SW_SHOWMAXIMIZED = 3,
        SW_MAXIMIZE = 3,
        SW_SHOWNOACTIVATE = 4,
        SW_SHOW = 5,
        SW_MINIMIZE = 6,
        SW_SHOWMINNOACTIVE = 7,
        SW_SHOWNA = 8,
        SW_RESTORE = 9,
        SW_SHOWDEFAULT = 10,
        SW_MAX = 10
    }
 
    internal enum TokenElevationType
    {
        TokenElevationTypeDefault = 1,
        TokenElevationTypeFull,
        TokenElevationTypeLimited,
    }
 
    internal enum TOKEN_TYPE
    {
        TokenPrimary = 1,
        TokenImpersonation = 2
    }
 
    internal enum WTS_CONNECTSTATE_CLASS
    {
        WTSActive,
        WTSConnected,
        WTSConnectQuery,
        WTSShadow,
        WTSDisconnected,
        WTSIdle,
        WTSListen,
        WTSReset,
        WTSDown,
        WTSInit
    }
 
    public class Win32Exception : System.ComponentModel.Win32Exception
    {
        private string _msg;
 
        public Win32Exception(string message) : this(Marshal.GetLastWin32Error(), message) { }
        public Win32Exception(int errorCode, string message) : base(errorCode)
        {
            _msg = String.Format("{0} ({1}, Win32ErrorCode {2} - 0x{2:X8})", message, base.Message, errorCode);
        }
 
        public override string Message { get { return _msg; } }
        public static explicit operator Win32Exception(string message) { return new Win32Exception(message); }
    }
 
    public static class ProcessExtensions
    {
        #region Win32 Constants
 
        private const int CREATE_UNICODE_ENVIRONMENT = 0x00000400;
        private const int CREATE_NO_WINDOW = 0x08000000;
 
        private const int CREATE_NEW_CONSOLE = 0x00000010;
 
        private const uint INVALID_SESSION_ID = 0xFFFFFFFF;
        private static readonly IntPtr WTS_CURRENT_SERVER_HANDLE = IntPtr.Zero;
 
        #endregion
 
        // Gets the user token from the currently active session
        private static SafeNativeHandle GetSessionUserToken()
        {
            var activeSessionId = INVALID_SESSION_ID;
            var pSessionInfo = IntPtr.Zero;
            var sessionCount = 0;
 
            // Get a handle to the user access token for the current active session.
            if (NativeMethods.WTSEnumerateSessions(WTS_CURRENT_SERVER_HANDLE, 0, 1, ref pSessionInfo, ref sessionCount))
            {
                try
                {
                    var arrayElementSize = Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(NativeHelpers.WTS_SESSION_INFO));
                    var current = pSessionInfo;
 
                    for (var i = 0; i < sessionCount; i++)
                    {
                        var si = (NativeHelpers.WTS_SESSION_INFO)Marshal.PtrToStructure(
                            current, typeof(NativeHelpers.WTS_SESSION_INFO));
                        current = IntPtr.Add(current, arrayElementSize);
 
                        if (si.State == WTS_CONNECTSTATE_CLASS.WTSActive)
                        {
                            activeSessionId = si.SessionID;
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                }
                finally
                {
                    NativeMethods.WTSFreeMemory(pSessionInfo);
                }
            }
 
            // If enumerating did not work, fall back to the old method
            if (activeSessionId == INVALID_SESSION_ID)
            {
                activeSessionId = NativeMethods.WTSGetActiveConsoleSessionId();
            }
 
            SafeNativeHandle hImpersonationToken;
            if (!NativeMethods.WTSQueryUserToken(activeSessionId, out hImpersonationToken))
            {
                throw new Win32Exception("WTSQueryUserToken failed to get access token.");
            }
 
            using (hImpersonationToken)
            {
                // First see if the token is the full token or not. If it is a limited token we need to get the
                // linked (full/elevated token) and use that for the CreateProcess task. If it is already the full or
                // default token then we already have the best token possible.
                TokenElevationType elevationType = GetTokenElevationType(hImpersonationToken);
 
                if (elevationType == TokenElevationType.TokenElevationTypeLimited)
                {
                    using (var linkedToken = GetTokenLinkedToken(hImpersonationToken))
                        return DuplicateTokenAsPrimary(linkedToken);
                }
                else
                {
                    return DuplicateTokenAsPrimary(hImpersonationToken);
                }
            }
        }
 
        public static int StartProcessAsCurrentUser(string appPath, string cmdLine = null, string workDir = null, bool visible = true,int wait = -1)
        {
            using (var hUserToken = GetSessionUserToken())
            {
                var startInfo = new NativeHelpers.STARTUPINFO();
                startInfo.cb = Marshal.SizeOf(startInfo);
 
                uint dwCreationFlags = CREATE_UNICODE_ENVIRONMENT | (uint)(visible ? CREATE_NEW_CONSOLE : CREATE_NO_WINDOW);
                startInfo.wShowWindow = (short)(visible ? SW.SW_SHOW : SW.SW_HIDE);
                //startInfo.lpDesktop = "winsta0\\default";
 
                IntPtr pEnv = IntPtr.Zero;
                if (!NativeMethods.CreateEnvironmentBlock(ref pEnv, hUserToken, false))
                {
                    throw new Win32Exception("CreateEnvironmentBlock failed.");
                }
                try
                {
                    StringBuilder commandLine = new StringBuilder(cmdLine);
                    var procInfo = new NativeHelpers.PROCESS_INFORMATION();
 
                    if (!NativeMethods.CreateProcessAsUserW(hUserToken,
                        appPath, // Application Name
                        commandLine, // Command Line
                        IntPtr.Zero,
                        IntPtr.Zero,
                        false,
                        dwCreationFlags,
                        pEnv,
                        workDir, // Working directory
                        ref startInfo,
                        out procInfo))
                    {
                        throw new Win32Exception("CreateProcessAsUser failed.");
                    }
 
                    try
                    {
                        NativeMethods.WaitForSingleObject( procInfo.hProcess, wait);
                        return procInfo.dwProcessId;
                    }
                    finally
                    {
                        NativeMethods.CloseHandle(procInfo.hThread);
                        NativeMethods.CloseHandle(procInfo.hProcess);
                    }
                }
                finally
                {
                    NativeMethods.DestroyEnvironmentBlock(pEnv);
                }
            }
        }
 
        private static SafeNativeHandle DuplicateTokenAsPrimary(SafeHandle hToken)
        {
            SafeNativeHandle pDupToken;
            if (!NativeMethods.DuplicateTokenEx(hToken, 0, IntPtr.Zero, SECURITY_IMPERSONATION_LEVEL.SecurityImpersonation,
                TOKEN_TYPE.TokenPrimary, out pDupToken))
            {
                throw new Win32Exception("DuplicateTokenEx failed.");
            }
 
            return pDupToken;
        }
 
        private static TokenElevationType GetTokenElevationType(SafeHandle hToken)
        {
            using (SafeMemoryBuffer tokenInfo = GetTokenInformation(hToken, 18))
            {
                return (TokenElevationType)Marshal.ReadInt32(tokenInfo.DangerousGetHandle());
            }
        }
 
        private static SafeNativeHandle GetTokenLinkedToken(SafeHandle hToken)
        {
            using (SafeMemoryBuffer tokenInfo = GetTokenInformation(hToken, 19))
            {
                return new SafeNativeHandle(Marshal.ReadIntPtr(tokenInfo.DangerousGetHandle()));
            }
        }
 
        private static SafeMemoryBuffer GetTokenInformation(SafeHandle hToken, uint infoClass)
        {
            int returnLength;
            bool res = NativeMethods.GetTokenInformation(hToken, infoClass, new SafeMemoryBuffer(IntPtr.Zero), 0,
                out returnLength);
            int errCode = Marshal.GetLastWin32Error();
            if (!res && errCode != 24 && errCode != 122) // ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER, ERROR_BAD_LENGTH
            {
                throw new Win32Exception(errCode, String.Format("GetTokenInformation({0}) failed to get buffer length", infoClass));
            }
 
            SafeMemoryBuffer tokenInfo = new SafeMemoryBuffer(returnLength);
            if (!NativeMethods.GetTokenInformation(hToken, infoClass, tokenInfo, returnLength, out returnLength))
                throw new Win32Exception(String.Format("GetTokenInformation({0}) failed", infoClass));
 
            return tokenInfo;
        }
    }
}
"@

$Public  = @(Get-ChildItem -Path $PSScriptRoot\Public\*.ps1 -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue)
foreach ($import in @($Public))
{
    try
    {
        . $import.FullName
    }
    catch
    {
        Write-Error -Message "Failed to import function $($import.FullName): $_"
    }
}