functions/MaxMemory.ps1

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Function Get-SqlMaxMemory
{
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Displays information relating to SQL Server Max Memory configuration settings. Works on SQL Server 2000-2014.

.DESCRIPTION
Inspired by Jonathan Kehayias's post about SQL Server Max memory (http://bit.ly/sqlmemcalc), this script displays a SQL Server's:
total memory, currently configured SQL max memory, and the calculated recommendation.

Jonathan notes that the formula used provides a *general recommendation* that doesn't account for everything that may be going on in your specific environment.

THIS CODE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITH NO WARRANTIES.

.PARAMETER SqlServer
Allows you to specify a comma separated list of servers to query.

.PARAMETER SqlCredential
Allows you to login to servers using SQL Logins as opposed to Windows Auth/Integrated/Trusted. To use:

$cred = Get-Credential, this pass this $cred to the param.

Windows Authentication will be used if DestinationSqlCredential is not specified. To connect as a different Windows user, run PowerShell as that user.    

.NOTES
Author : Chrissy LeMaire (@cl), netnerds.net
Requires: sysadmin access on SQL Servers

dbatools PowerShell module (https://dbatools.io, clemaire@gmail.com)
Copyright (C) 2105 Chrissy LeMaire

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.


.LINK
https://dbatools.io/Get-SqlMaxMemory

.EXAMPLE
Get-SqlMaxMemory -SqlServer sqlcluster,sqlserver2012

Get Memory Settings for all servers within the SQL Server Central Management Server "sqlcluster"

.EXAMPLE
Get-SqlMaxMemory -SqlServer sqlcluster | Where-Object { $_.SqlMaxMB -gt $_.TotalMB } | Set-SqlMaxMemory

Find all servers in CMS that have Max SQL memory set to higher than the total memory of the server (think 2147483647)

#>

    [CmdletBinding()]
    Param (
        [parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory=$true)]
        [Alias("ServerInstance", "SqlInstance", "SqlServers")]
        [string[]]$SqlServer,
        [System.Management.Automation.PSCredential]$SqlCredential
    )
    
    PROCESS
    {
        $collection = @()
        foreach ($servername in $sqlserver)
        {
            Write-Verbose "Attempting to connect to $servername"
            try
            {
                $server = Connect-SqlServer -SqlServer $servername -SqlCredential $SqlCredential
            }
            catch
            {
                Write-Warning "Can't connect to $servername or access denied. Skipping."
                continue
            }
            
            $maxmem = $server.Configuration.MaxServerMemory.ConfigValue
            
            $reserve = 1
            $totalMemory = $server.PhysicalMemory
            
            
            # Some servers underreport by 1MB.
            if (($totalmemory % 1024) -ne 0) { $totalMemory = $totalMemory + 1 }
            
            if ($totalMemory -ge 4096)
            {
                $currentCount = $totalMemory
                while ($currentCount/4096 -gt 0)
                {
                    if ($currentCount -gt 16384)
                    {
                        $reserve += 1
                        $currentCount += -8192
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        $reserve += 1
                        $currentCount += -4096
                    }
                }
                $recommendedMax = [int]($totalMemory - ($reserve * 1024))
            }
            else { $recommendedMax = $totalMemory * .5 }
            
            
            $object = New-Object PSObject -Property @{
                Server = $server.name
                TotalMB = $totalMemory
                SqlMaxMB = $maxmem
                RecommendedMB = $recommendedMax
            }
            $server.ConnectionContext.Disconnect()
            $collection += $object
        }
        return ($collection | Sort-Object Server | Select Server, TotalMB, SqlMaxMB, RecommendedMB)
    }
}

Function Set-SqlMaxMemory
{
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Sets SQL Server max memory then displays information relating to SQL Server Max Memory configuration settings. Works on SQL Server 2000-2014.

THIS CODE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITH NO WARRANTIES.

Inspired by Jonathan Kehayias's post about SQL Server Max memory (http://bit.ly/sqlmemcalc), this uses a formula to determine the default optimum RAM to use, then sets the SQL max value to that number.

Jonathan notes that the formula used provides a *general recommendation* that doesn't account for everything that may be going on in your specific environment.

.PARAMETER SqlServer
Allows you to specify a comma separated list of servers to query.

.PARAMETER MaxMb
Specifies the max megabytes

.NOTES
Author : Chrissy LeMaire (@cl), netnerds.net
Requires: sysadmin access on SQL Servers

.LINK
https://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/scriptcenter/Get-Set-SQL-Max-Memory-19147057

.EXAMPLE
Set-SqlMaxMemory sqlserver1 2048

Set max memory to 2048 MB on just one server, "sqlserver1"

.EXAMPLE
Get-SqlMaxMemory -SqlServer sqlserver2014 | Where-Object { $_.SqlMaxMB -gt $_.TotalMB } | Set-SqlMaxMemory

Find all servers in CMS that have Max SQL memory set to higher than the total memory of the server (think 2147483647),
then pipe those to Set-SqlMaxMemory and use the default recommendation

.EXAMPLE
Set-SqlMaxMemory -SqlCms sqlcluster -SqlCmsGroups Express -MaxMB 512 -Verbose
Specifically set memory to 512 MB for all servers within the "Express" server group on CMS "sqlcluster"

#>

    [CmdletBinding()]
    Param (
        [parameter(Position = 0)]
        [Alias("ServerInstance", "SqlInstance", "SqlServers")]
        [string[]]$SqlServer,
        [parameter(Position = 1)]
        [int]$MaxMb,
        [Parameter(ValueFromPipeline = $True)]
        [object]$collection,
        [System.Management.Automation.PSCredential]$SqlCredential
    )
    PROCESS
    {
        
        if ($SqlServer.length -eq 0 -and $collection -eq $null)
        {
            throw "You must specify a server list source using -SqlServer or you can pipe results from Get-SqlMaxMemory"
        }
        
        if ($MaxMB -eq 0)
        {
            $UseRecommended = $true
        }
        
        if ($collection -eq $null)
        {
            $collection = Get-SqlMaxMemory -SqlServer $SqlServer
        }
        
        $collection | Add-Member -NotePropertyName OldMaxValue -NotePropertyValue 0
        
        foreach ($row in $collection)
        {
            
            Write-Verbose "Attempting to connect to $sqlserver"
            try
            {
                $server = Connect-SqlServer -SqlServer $row.server -SqlCredential $SqlCredential
            }
            catch
            {
                Write-Warning "Can't connect to $sqlserver or access denied. Skipping."
                continue
            }
            
            if (!(Test-SqlSa -SqlServer $server))
            {
                Write-Error "Not a sysadmin on $servername. Skipping."
                $server.ConnectionContext.Disconnect()
                continue
            }
            
            $row.OldMaxValue = $row.SqlMaxMB
            
            try
            {
                if ($UseRecommended)
                {
                    Write-Verbose "Changing $($row.server) SQL Server max from $($row.SqlMaxMB) to $($row.RecommendedMB) MB"
                    $server.Configuration.MaxServerMemory.ConfigValue = $row.RecommendedMB
                    $row.SqlMaxMB = $row.RecommendedMB
                }
                else
                {
                    Write-Verbose "Changing $($row.server) SQL Server max from $($row.SqlMaxMB) to $MaxMB MB"
                    $server.Configuration.MaxServerMemory.ConfigValue = $MaxMB
                    $row.SqlMaxMB = $MaxMB
                }
                $server.Configuration.Alter()
                
            }
            catch { Write-Error "Could not modify Max Server Memory for $($row.server)" }
            
            $server.ConnectionContext.Disconnect()
        }
        
        return $collection | Select Server, TotalMB, OldMaxValue, @{ name = "CurrentMaxValue"; expression = { $_.SqlMaxMB } }
    }
}