functions/Get-DbaUptime.ps1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
function Get-DbaUptime {
    <#
  .SYNOPSIS
   Returns the uptime of the SQL Server instance, and if required the hosting windows server
    
  .DESCRIPTION
   By default, this command returns for each SQL Server instance passed in:
   SQL Instance last startup time, Uptime as a PS TimeSpan, Uptime as a formatted string
   Hosting Windows server last startup time, Uptime as a PS TimeSpan, Uptime as a formatted string
    
  .PARAMETER SqlInstance
   The SQL Server instance that you're connecting to.
 
  .PARAMETER SqlCredential
   Allows you to login to servers using SQL Logins instead of Windows Authentication (AKA Integrated or Trusted). To use:
 
   $scred = Get-Credential, then pass $scred object to the -SqlCredential parameter.
    
   Windows Authentication will be used if SqlCredential is not specified. SQL Server does not accept Windows credentials being passed as credentials.
    
   To connect to SQL Server as a different Windows user, run PowerShell as that user.
 
  .PARAMETER WindowsCredential
   Allows you to authenticate to Windows servers using alternate credentials.
 
   $wincred = Get-Credential, then pass $wincred object to the -WindowsCredential parameter.
    
  .PARAMETER EnableException
   By default, when something goes wrong we try to catch it, interpret it and give you a friendly warning message.
   This avoids overwhelming you with "sea of red" exceptions, but is inconvenient because it basically disables advanced scripting.
   Using this switch turns this "nice by default" feature off and enables you to catch exceptions with your own try/catch.
    
  .NOTES
   Tags: CIM
   Author: Stuart Moore (@napalmgram), stuart-moore.com
    
   dbatools PowerShell module (https://dbatools.io, clemaire@gmail.com)
   Copyright (C) 2016 Chrissy LeMaire
   License: GNU GPL v3 https://opensource.org/licenses/GPL-3.0
 
  .LINK
   https://dbatools.io/Get-DbaUptime
 
  .EXAMPLE
   Get-DbaUptime -SqlInstance SqlBox1\Instance2
 
   Returns an object with SQL Server start time, uptime as TimeSpan object, uptime as a string, and Windows host boot time, host uptime as TimeSpan objects and host uptime as a string for the sqlexpress instance on winserver
 
  .EXAMPLE
   Get-DbaUptime -SqlInstance winserver\sqlexpress, sql2016
 
   Returns an object with SQL Server start time, uptime as TimeSpan object, uptime as a string, and Windows host boot time, host uptime as TimeSpan objects and host uptime as a string for the sqlexpress instance on host winserver and the default instance on host sql2016
    
  .EXAMPLE
   Get-DbaRegisteredServer -SqlInstance sql2014 | Get-DbaUptime
 
   Returns an object with SQL Server start time, uptime as TimeSpan object, uptime as a string, and Windows host boot time, host uptime as TimeSpan objects and host uptime as a string for every server listed in the Central Management Server on sql2014
    
 #>

    [CmdletBinding(DefaultParameterSetName = "Default")]
    Param (
        [parameter(Mandatory = $true, ValueFromPipeline = $true)]
        [Alias("ServerInstance", "SqlServer", "ComputerName")]
        [DbaInstanceParameter[]]$SqlInstance,
        [Alias("Credential")]
        [PSCredential]$SqlCredential,
        [PSCredential]$WindowsCredential,
        [switch][Alias('Silent')]$EnableException
    )
    
    begin {
        $nowutc = (Get-Date).ToUniversalTime()
    }
    process {
        foreach ($instance in $SqlInstance) {
            $SqlOnly = $false;
            if ($instance.Gettype().FullName -eq [System.Management.Automation.PSCustomObject] ) {
                $servername = $instance.SqlInstance
            }
            elseif ($instance.Gettype().FullName -eq [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Server]) {
                $servername = $instance.NetName
            }
            else {
                $servername = $instance.ComputerName;
            }

            try {
                Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Connecting to $instance"
                $server = Connect-SqlInstance -SqlInstance $instance -SqlCredential $sqlcredential
            }
            catch {
                Stop-Function -Message "Failure" -Category ConnectionError -ErrorRecord $_ -Target $instance -Continue
            }
            Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Getting start times for $servername"
            #Get tempdb creation date
            $SQLStartTime = $server.Databases["tempdb"].CreateDate
            $SQLUptime = New-TimeSpan -Start $SQLStartTime.ToUniversalTime() -End $nowutc
            $SQLUptimeString = "{0} days {1} hours {2} minutes {3} seconds" -f $($SQLUptime.Days), $($SQLUptime.Hours), $($SQLUptime.Minutes), $($SQLUptime.Seconds)
            
            $WindowsServerName = (Resolve-DbaNetworkName $servername -Credential $WindowsCredential).FullComputerName

            try {
                Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Getting WinBootTime via CimInstance for $servername"
                $WinBootTime = (Get-DbaOperatingSystem -ComputerName $windowsServerName -Credential $WindowsCredential -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue).LastBootTime
                $WindowsUptime = New-TimeSpan -start $WinBootTime.ToUniversalTime() -end $nowutc
                $WindowsUptimeString = "{0} days {1} hours {2} minutes {3} seconds" -f $($WindowsUptime.Days), $($WindowsUptime.Hours), $($WindowsUptime.Minutes), $($WindowsUptime.Seconds)
            }
            catch {
                try {
                    Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Getting WinBootTime via CimInstance DCOM"
                    $CimOption = New-CimSessionOption -Protocol DCOM
                    $CimSession = New-CimSession -Credential:$WindowsCredential -ComputerName $WindowsServerName -SessionOption $CimOption
                    $WinBootTime = ($CimSession | Get-CimInstance -ClassName Win32_OperatingSystem).LastBootUpTime
                    $WindowsUptime = New-TimeSpan -start $WinBootTime.ToUniversalTime() -end $nowutc
                    $WindowsUptimeString = "{0} days {1} hours {2} minutes {3} seconds" -f $($WindowsUptime.Days), $($WindowsUptime.Hours), $($WindowsUptime.Minutes), $($WindowsUptime.Seconds)
                }
                catch {
                    Stop-Function -Message "Failure getting WinBootTime" -ErrorRecord $_ -Target $instance -Continue
                }
            }
                
            [PSCustomObject]@{
                ComputerName     = $WindowsServerName
                InstanceName     = $server.ServiceName
                SqlServer        = $server.Name
                SqlUptime        = $SQLUptime
                WindowsUptime    = $WindowsUptime
                SqlStartTime     = $SQLStartTime
                WindowsBootTime  = $WinBootTime
                SinceSqlStart    = $SQLUptimeString
                SinceWindowsBoot = $WindowsUptimeString
            }
        }
    }
}