functions/Enable-DbaForceNetworkEncryption.ps1

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#ValidationTags#Messaging,FlowControl,Pipeline,CodeStyle#

function Enable-DbaForceNetworkEncryption {
<#
    .SYNOPSIS
        Enables Force Encryption for a SQL Server instance
     
    .DESCRIPTION
        Enables Force Encryption for a SQL Server instance. Note that this requires access to the Windows Server - not the SQL instance itself.
         
        This setting is found in Configuration Manager.
     
    .PARAMETER SqlInstance
        The target SQL Server - defaults to localhost.
     
    .PARAMETER Credential
        Allows you to login to the computer (not sql instance) using alternative Windows credentials
     
    .PARAMETER Silent
        Use this switch to Enable any kind of verbose messages
     
    .PARAMETER WhatIf
        Shows what would happen if the command were to run. No actions are actually performed
     
    .PARAMETER Confirm
        Prompts you for confirmation before executing any changing operations within the command
     
    .EXAMPLE
        Enable-DbaForceNetworkEncryption
         
        Enables Force Encryption on the default (MSSQLSERVER) instance on localhost - requires (and checks for) RunAs admin.
     
    .EXAMPLE
        Enable-DbaForceNetworkEncryption -SqlInstance sql01\SQL2008R2SP2
         
        Enables Force Network Encryption for the SQL2008R2SP2 on sql01. Uses Windows Credentials to both login and modify the registry.
     
    .EXAMPLE
        Enable-DbaForceNetworkEncryption -SqlInstance sql01\SQL2008R2SP2 -WhatIf
         
        Shows what would happen if the command were executed.
     
    .NOTES
        Tags: Certificate
         
        Website: https://dbatools.io
        Copyright: (C) Chrissy LeMaire, clemaire@gmail.com
        License: GNU GPL v3 https://opensource.org/licenses/GPL-3.0
#>

    [CmdletBinding(SupportsShouldProcess, ConfirmImpact = "Low", DefaultParameterSetName = 'Default')]
    param (
        [Parameter(ValueFromPipeline = $true)]
        [Alias("ServerInstance", "SqlServer", "ComputerName")]
        [DbaInstanceParameter[]]
        $SqlInstance = $env:COMPUTERNAME,
        
        [PSCredential]
        
        $Credential,
        
        [switch]
        $Silent
    )
    process {
        
        foreach ($instance in $sqlinstance) {
            Write-Message -Level VeryVerbose -Message "Processing $instance" -Target $instance
            $null = Test-ElevationRequirement -ComputerName $instance -Continue
            
            Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Resolving hostname"
            $resolved = $null
            $resolved = Resolve-DbaNetworkName -ComputerName $instance -Turbo
            
            if ($null -eq $resolved) {
                Stop-Function -Message "Can't resolve $instance" -Target $instance -Continue -Category InvalidArgument
            }
            
            Write-Message -Level Output -Message "Connecting to SQL WMI on $($instance.ComputerName)"
            try {
                $sqlwmi = Invoke-ManagedComputerCommand -ComputerName $resolved.FQDN -ScriptBlock { $wmi.Services } -Credential $Credential -ErrorAction Stop | Where-Object DisplayName -eq "SQL Server ($($instance.InstanceName))"
            }
            catch {
                Stop-Function -Message "Failed to access $instance" -Target $instance -Continue -ErrorRecord $_
            }
            
            $regroot = ($sqlwmi.AdvancedProperties | Where-Object Name -eq REGROOT).Value
            $vsname = ($sqlwmi.AdvancedProperties | Where-Object Name -eq VSNAME).Value
            $instancename = $sqlwmi.DisplayName.Replace('SQL Server (', '').Replace(')', '') # Don't clown, I don't know regex :(
            $serviceaccount = $sqlwmi.ServiceAccount
            
            if ([System.String]::IsNullOrEmpty($regroot)) {
                $regroot = $sqlwmi.AdvancedProperties | Where-Object { $_ -match 'REGROOT' }
                $vsname = $sqlwmi.AdvancedProperties | Where-Object { $_ -match 'VSNAME' }
                
                if (![System.String]::IsNullOrEmpty($regroot)) {
                    $regroot = ($regroot -Split 'Value\=')[1]
                    $vsname = ($vsname -Split 'Value\=')[1]
                }
                else {
                    Stop-Function -Message "Can't find instance $vsname on $instance" -Continue -Category ObjectNotFound -Target $instance
                }
            }
            
            if ([System.String]::IsNullOrEmpty($vsname)) { $vsname = $instance }
            
            Write-Message -Level Output -Message "Regroot: $regroot" -Target $instance
            Write-Message -Level Output -Message "ServiceAcct: $serviceaccount" -Target $instance
            Write-Message -Level Output -Message "InstanceName: $instancename" -Target $instance
            Write-Message -Level Output -Message "VSNAME: $vsname" -Target $instance
            
            $scriptblock = {
                $regpath = "Registry::HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\$($args[0])\MSSQLServer\SuperSocketNetLib"
                $cert = (Get-ItemProperty -Path $regpath -Name Certificate).Certificate
                $oldvalue = (Get-ItemProperty -Path $regpath -Name ForceEncryption).ForceEncryption
                Set-ItemProperty -Path $regpath -Name ForceEncryption -Value $true
                $forceencryption = (Get-ItemProperty -Path $regpath -Name ForceEncryption).ForceEncryption
                
                [pscustomobject]@{
                    ComputerName          = $env:COMPUTERNAME
                    InstanceName          = $args[2]
                    SqlInstance              = $args[1]
                    ForceEncryption          = ($forceencryption -eq $true)
                    CertificateThumbprint = $cert
                }
            }
            
            if ($PScmdlet.ShouldProcess("local", "Connecting to $instance to modify the ForceEncryption value in $regroot for $($instance.InstanceName)")) {
                try {
                    Invoke-Command2 -ComputerName $resolved.fqdn -Credential $Credential -ArgumentList $regroot, $vsname, $instancename -ScriptBlock $scriptblock -ErrorAction Stop | Select-Object -Property * -ExcludeProperty PSComputerName, RunspaceId, PSShowComputerName
                    Write-Message -Level Critical -Message "Force encryption was successfully set on $($resolved.fqdn) for the $instancename instance. You must now restart the SQL Server for changes to take effect." -Target $instance
                }
                catch {
                    Stop-Function -Message "Failed to connect to $($resolved.fqdn) using PowerShell remoting!" -ErrorRecord $_ -Target $instance -Continue
                }
            }
        }
    }
}