functions/Find-DbaCommand.ps1

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#ValidationTags#Messaging,FlowControl,Pipeline,CodeStyle#
function Find-DbaCommand {
    <#
        .SYNOPSIS
            Finds dbatools commands searching through the inline help text
 
        .DESCRIPTION
            Finds dbatools commands searching through the inline help text, building a consolidated json index and querying it because Get-Help is too slow
 
        .PARAMETER Tag
            Finds all commands tagged with this auto-populated tag
 
        .PARAMETER Author
            Finds all commands tagged with this author
 
        .PARAMETER MinimumVersion
            Finds all commands tagged with this auto-populated minimum version
 
        .PARAMETER MaximumVersion
            Finds all commands tagged with this auto-populated maximum version
 
        .PARAMETER Rebuild
            Rebuilds the index
 
        .PARAMETER Pattern
            Searches help for all commands in dbatools for the specified pattern and displays all results
 
        .PARAMETER Confirm
            Confirms overwrite of index
 
        .PARAMETER WhatIf
            Displays what would happen if the command is run
 
        .PARAMETER EnableException
            By default, when something goes wrong we try to catch it, interpret it and give you a friendly warning message.
            This avoids overwhelming you with "sea of red" exceptions, but is inconvenient because it basically disables advanced scripting.
            Using this switch turns this "nice by default" feature off and enables you to catch exceptions with your own try/catch.
 
        .NOTES
            Tags: Find,Help,Command
            Author: Simone Bizzotto
 
            Website: https://dbatools.io
            Copyright: (C) Chrissy LeMaire, clemaire@gmail.com
            License: MIT https://opensource.org/licenses/MIT
 
        .LINK
            https://dbatools.io/Find-DbaCommand
 
        .EXAMPLE
            Find-DbaCommand "snapshot"
 
            For lazy typers: finds all commands searching the entire help for "snapshot"
 
        .EXAMPLE
            Find-DbaCommand -Pattern "snapshot"
 
            For rigorous typers: finds all commands searching the entire help for "snapshot"
 
        .EXAMPLE
            Find-DbaCommand -Tag copy
 
            Finds all commands tagged with "copy"
 
        .EXAMPLE
            Find-DbaCommand -Tag copy,user
 
            Finds all commands tagged with BOTH "copy" and "user"
 
        .EXAMPLE
            Find-DbaCommand -Author chrissy
 
            Finds every command whose author contains our beloved "chrissy"
 
        .EXAMPLE
            Find-DbaCommand -Author chrissy -Tag copy
 
            Finds every command whose author contains our beloved "chrissy" and it tagged as "copy"
 
        .EXAMPLE
            Find-DbaCommand -Pattern snapshot -Rebuild
 
            Finds all commands searching the entire help for "snapshot", rebuilding the index (good for developers)
    #>

    [CmdletBinding(SupportsShouldProcess = $true)]
    param (
        [String]$Pattern,
        [String[]]$Tag,
        [String]$Author,
        [String]$MinimumVersion,
        [String]$MaximumVersion,
        [switch]$Rebuild,
        [Alias('Silent')]
        [switch]$EnableException
    )
    begin {
        function Get-DbaTrimmedString($Text) {
            return $Text.Trim() -replace '(\r\n){2,}', "`n"
        }

        $tagsRex = ([regex]'(?m)^[\s]{0,15}Tags:(.*)$')
        $authorRex = ([regex]'(?m)^[\s]{0,15}Author:(.*)$')
        $minverRex = ([regex]'(?m)^[\s]{0,15}MinimumVersion:(.*)$')
        $maxverRex = ([regex]'(?m)^[\s]{0,15}MaximumVersion:(.*)$')

        function Get-DbaHelp([String]$commandName) {
            $thishelp = Get-Help $commandName -Full
            $thebase = @{ }
            $thebase.CommandName = $commandName
            $thebase.Name = $thishelp.Name

            $alias = Get-Alias -Definition $commandName -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
            $thebase.Alias = $alias.Name -Join ','

            ## fetch the description
            $thebase.Description = $thishelp.Description.Text

            ## fetch examples
            $thebase.Examples = Get-DbaTrimmedString -Text ($thishelp.Examples | Out-String -Width 200)

            ## fetch help link
            $thebase.Links = ($thishelp.relatedLinks).NavigationLink.Uri

            ## fetch the synopsis
            $thebase.Synopsis = $thishelp.Synopsis

            ## fetch the syntax
            $thebase.Syntax = Get-DbaTrimmedString -Text ($thishelp.Syntax | Out-String -Width 600)

            ## store notes
            $as = $thishelp.AlertSet | Out-String -Width 600

            ## fetch the tags
            $tags = $tagsrex.Match($as).Groups[1].Value
            if ($tags) {
                $thebase.Tags = $tags.Split(',').Trim()
            }
            ## fetch the author
            $author = $authorRex.Match($as).Groups[1].Value
            if ($author) {
                $thebase.Author = $author.Trim()
            }

            ## fetch MinimumVersion
            $MinimumVersion = $minverRex.Match($as).Groups[1].Value
            if ($MinimumVersion) {
                $thebase.MinimumVersion = $MinimumVersion.Trim()
            }

            ## fetch MaximumVersion
            $MaximumVersion = $maxverRex.Match($as).Groups[1].Value
            if ($MaximumVersion) {
                $thebase.MaximumVersion = $MaximumVersion.Trim()
            }

            [pscustomobject]$thebase
        }

        function Get-DbaIndex() {
            if ($Pscmdlet.ShouldProcess($dest, "Recreating index")) {
                $dbamodule = Get-Module -Name dbatools
                $allCommands = $dbamodule.ExportedCommands.Values | Where-Object CommandType -EQ 'Function'

                $helpcoll = New-Object System.Collections.Generic.List[System.Object]
                foreach ($command in $allCommands) {
                    $x = Get-DbaHelp "$command"
                    $helpcoll.Add($x)
                }
                # $dest = Get-DbatoolsConfigValue -Name 'Path.TagCache' -Fallback "$(Resolve-Path $PSScriptRoot\..)\dbatools-index.json"
                $dest = "$moduleDirectory\bin\dbatools-index.json"
                $helpcoll | ConvertTo-Json | Out-File $dest -Encoding UTF8
            }
        }

        $moduleDirectory = (Get-Module -Name dbatools).ModuleBase
    }
    process {
        $Pattern = $Pattern.TrimEnd("s")
        $idxFile = "$moduleDirectory\bin\dbatools-index.json"
        if (!(Test-Path $idxFile) -or $Rebuild) {
            Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Rebuilding index into $idxFile"
            $swRebuild = [system.diagnostics.stopwatch]::StartNew()
            Get-DbaIndex
            Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Rebuild done in $($swRebuild.ElapsedMilliseconds)ms"
        }
        $consolidated = Get-Content -Raw $idxFile | ConvertFrom-Json
        $result = $consolidated
        if ($Pattern.Length -gt 0) {
            $result = $result | Where-Object { $_.PsObject.Properties.Value -like "*$Pattern*" }
        }

        if ($Tag.Length -gt 0) {
            foreach ($t in $Tag) {
                $result = $result | Where-Object Tags -Contains $t
            }
        }

        if ($Author.Length -gt 0) {
            $result = $result | Where-Object Author -Like "*$Author*"
        }

        if ($MinimumVersion.Length -gt 0) {
            $result = $result | Where-Object MinimumVersion -GE $MinimumVersion
        }

        if ($MaximumVersion.Length -gt 0) {
            $result = $result | Where-Object MaximumVersion -LE $MaximumVersion
        }

        Select-DefaultView -InputObject $result -Property CommandName, Synopsis
    }
}