functions/Copy-DbaBackupDevice.ps1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
function Copy-DbaBackupDevice {
    <#
    .SYNOPSIS
        Copies backup devices one by one. Copies both SQL code and the backup file itself.
 
    .DESCRIPTION
        Backups are migrated using Admin shares. If the destination directory does not exist, SQL Server's default backup directory will be used.
 
        If a backup device with same name exists on destination, it will not be dropped and recreated unless -Force is used.
 
    .PARAMETER Source
        Source SQL Server. You must have sysadmin access and server version must be SQL Server version 2000 or higher.
 
    .PARAMETER SourceSqlCredential
        Login to the target instance using alternative credentials. Windows and SQL Authentication supported. Accepts credential objects (Get-Credential)
 
    .PARAMETER Destination
        Destination SQL Server. You must have sysadmin access and the server must be SQL Server 2000 or higher.
 
    .PARAMETER DestinationSqlCredential
        Login to the target instance using alternative credentials. Windows and SQL Authentication supported. Accepts credential objects (Get-Credential)
 
    .PARAMETER BackupDevice
        BackupDevice to be copied. Auto-populated list of devices. If not provided all BackupDevice(s) will be copied.
 
    .PARAMETER Force
        If this switch is enabled, backup device(s) will be dropped and recreated if they already exists on destination.
 
    .PARAMETER WhatIf
        If this switch is enabled, no actions are performed but informational messages will be displayed that explain what would happen if the command were to run.
 
    .PARAMETER Confirm
        If this switch is enabled, you will be prompted for confirmation before executing any operations that change state.
 
    .PARAMETER EnableException
        By default, when something goes wrong we try to catch it, interpret it and give you a friendly warning message.
        This avoids overwhelming you with "sea of red" exceptions, but is inconvenient because it basically disables advanced scripting.
        Using this switch turns this "nice by default" feature off and enables you to catch exceptions with your own try/catch.
 
    .NOTES
        Tags: Migration, Backup
        Author: Chrissy LeMaire (@cl), netnerds.net
 
        Website: https://dbatools.io
        Copyright: (c) 2018 by dbatools, licensed under MIT
        License: MIT https://opensource.org/licenses/MIT
 
        Requires: sysadmin access on SQL Servers
 
    .LINK
        https://dbatools.io/Copy-DbaBackupDevice
 
    .EXAMPLE
        PS C:\> Copy-DbaBackupDevice -Source sqlserver2014a -Destination sqlcluster
 
        Copies all server backup devices from sqlserver2014a to sqlcluster using Windows credentials. If backup devices with the same name exist on sqlcluster, they will be skipped.
 
    .EXAMPLE
        PS C:\> Copy-DbaBackupDevice -Source sqlserver2014a -Destination sqlcluster -BackupDevice backup01 -SourceSqlCredential $cred -Force
 
        Copies only the backup device named backup01 from sqlserver2014a to sqlcluster using SQL credentials for sqlserver2014a and Windows credentials for sqlcluster. If a backup device with the same name exists on sqlcluster, it will be dropped and recreated because -Force was used.
 
    .EXAMPLE
        PS C:\> Copy-DbaBackupDevice -Source sqlserver2014a -Destination sqlcluster -WhatIf -Force
 
        Shows what would happen if the command were executed using force.
 
    #>

    [CmdletBinding(DefaultParameterSetName = "Default", SupportsShouldProcess = $true)]
    param (
        [parameter(Mandatory)]
        [DbaInstanceParameter]$Source,
        [PSCredential]$SourceSqlCredential,
        [parameter(Mandatory)]
        [DbaInstanceParameter[]]$Destination,
        [PSCredential]$DestinationSqlCredential,
        [object[]]$BackupDevice,
        [switch]$Force,
        [Alias('Silent')]
        [switch]$EnableException
    )
    begin {
        try {
            $sourceServer = Connect-SqlInstance -SqlInstance $Source -SqlCredential $SourceSqlCredential
        } catch {
            Stop-Function -Message "Failure" -Category ConnectionError -ErrorRecord $_ -Target $Source
            return
        }
        $serverBackupDevices = $sourceServer.BackupDevices
        $sourceNetBios = $Source.ComputerName
    }
    process {
        if (Test-FunctionInterrupt) { return }
        foreach ($destinstance in $Destination) {
            try {
                $destServer = Connect-SqlInstance -SqlInstance $destinstance -SqlCredential $DestinationSqlCredential
            } catch {
                Stop-Function -Message "Failure" -Category ConnectionError -ErrorRecord $_ -Target $destinstance -Continue
            }
            $destBackupDevices = $destServer.BackupDevices
            $destNetBios = $destinstance.ComputerName

            foreach ($currentBackupDevice in $serverBackupDevices) {
                $deviceName = $currentBackupDevice.Name

                $copyBackupDeviceStatus = [pscustomobject]@{
                    SourceServer      = $sourceServer.Name
                    DestinationServer = $destServer.Name
                    Name              = $deviceName
                    Type              = "Backup Device"
                    Status            = $null
                    Notes             = $null
                    DateTime          = [Sqlcollaborative.Dbatools.Utility.DbaDateTime](Get-Date)
                }

                if ($BackupDevice -and $BackupDevice -notcontains $deviceName) {
                    continue
                }

                if ($destBackupDevices.Name -contains $deviceName) {
                    if ($force -eq $false) {
                        $copyBackupDeviceStatus.Status = "Skipped"
                        $copyBackupDeviceStatus.Notes = "Already exists"
                        $copyBackupDeviceStatus | Select-DefaultView -Property DateTime, SourceServer, DestinationServer, Name, Type, Status, Notes -TypeName MigrationObject

                        Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "backup device $deviceName exists at destination. Use -Force to drop and migrate."
                        continue
                    } else {
                        if ($Pscmdlet.ShouldProcess($destinstance, "Dropping backup device $deviceName")) {
                            try {
                                Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Dropping backup device $deviceName"
                                $destServer.BackupDevices[$deviceName].Drop()
                            } catch {
                                $copyBackupDeviceStatus.Status = "Failed"
                                $copyBackupDeviceStatus | Select-DefaultView -Property DateTime, SourceServer, DestinationServer, Name, Type, Status, Notes -TypeName MigrationObject

                                Stop-Function -Message "Issue dropping backup device" -Target $deviceName -ErrorRecord $_ -Continue
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }

                if ($Pscmdlet.ShouldProcess($destinstance, "Generating SQL code for $deviceName")) {
                    Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Scripting out SQL for $deviceName"
                    try {
                        $sql = $currentBackupDevice.Script() | Out-String
                        $sql = $sql -replace [Regex]::Escape("'$source'"), "'$destinstance'"
                    } catch {
                        $copyBackupDeviceStatus.Status = "Failed"
                        $copyBackupDeviceStatus | Select-DefaultView -Property DateTime, SourceServer, DestinationServer, Name, Type, Status, Notes -TypeName MigrationObject

                        Stop-Function -Message "Issue scripting out backup device" -Target $deviceName -ErrorRecord $_ -Continue
                    }
                }

                if ($Pscmdlet.ShouldProcess("console", "Stating that the actual file copy is about to occur")) {
                    Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Preparing to copy actual backup file"
                }

                $path = Split-Path $sourceServer.BackupDevices[$deviceName].PhysicalLocation
                $destPath = Join-AdminUnc $destNetBios $path
                $sourcepath = Join-AdminUnc $sourceNetBios $sourceServer.BackupDevices[$deviceName].PhysicalLocation

                Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Checking if directory $destPath exists"

                if ($(Test-DbaPath -SqlInstance $destinstance -Path $path) -eq $false) {
                    $backupDirectory = $destServer.BackupDirectory
                    $destPath = Join-AdminUnc $destNetBios $backupDirectory

                    if ($Pscmdlet.ShouldProcess($destinstance, "Updating create code to use new path")) {
                        Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "$path doesn't exist on $destinstance"
                        Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Using default backup directory $backupDirectory"

                        try {
                            Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Updating $deviceName to use $backupDirectory"
                            $sql = $sql -replace [Regex]::Escape($path), $backupDirectory
                        } catch {
                            $copyBackupDeviceStatus.Status = "Failed"
                            $copyBackupDeviceStatus | Select-DefaultView -Property DateTime, SourceServer, DestinationServer, Name, Type, Status, Notes -TypeName MigrationObject

                            Stop-Function -Message "Issue updating script of backup device with new path" -Target $deviceName -ErrorRecord $_ -Continue
                        }
                    }
                }

                if ($Pscmdlet.ShouldProcess($destinstance, "Copying $sourcepath to $destPath using BITSTransfer")) {
                    try {
                        Start-BitsTransfer -Source $sourcepath -Destination $destPath -ErrorAction Stop
                        Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Backup device $deviceName successfully copied"
                    } catch {
                        $copyBackupDeviceStatus.Status = "Failed"
                        $copyBackupDeviceStatus | Select-DefaultView -Property DateTime, SourceServer, DestinationServer, Name, Type, Status, Notes -TypeName MigrationObject

                        Stop-Function -Message "Issue copying backup device to destination" -Target $deviceName -ErrorRecord $_ -Continue
                    }
                }

                if ($Pscmdlet.ShouldProcess($destinstance, "Adding backup device $deviceName")) {
                    Write-Message -Level Verbose -Message "Adding backup device $deviceName on $destinstance"
                    try {
                        $destServer.Query($sql)
                        $destServer.BackupDevices.Refresh()

                        $copyBackupDeviceStatus.Status = "Successful"
                        $copyBackupDeviceStatus | Select-DefaultView -Property DateTime, SourceServer, DestinationServer, Name, Type, Status, Notes -TypeName MigrationObject
                    } catch {
                        $copyBackupDeviceStatus.Status = "Failed"
                        $copyBackupDeviceStatus | Select-DefaultView -Property DateTime, SourceServer, DestinationServer, Name, Type, Status, Notes -TypeName MigrationObject

                        Stop-Function -Message "Issue adding backup device" -Target $deviceName -ErrorRecord $_ -Continue
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
    end {
        Test-DbaDeprecation -DeprecatedOn "1.0.0" -EnableException:$false -Alias Copy-SqlBackupDevice
    }
}